Alonso (González) Berruguete

¨considered by his countrymen as Spain's greatest sculptor¨

Biography of Alonso (González) Berruguete

  • Alonso was Born in 1487 in Palencia, Spain died september 1, 1561 in Toledo, Spain

  • He spent most of time alive in spain more specifically the city Valladolid, 1523-61 but he spend his time in many other cities throughout spain including Toledo, and also in Zaragoza, Oviedo, Granada, and Medina del Campo. He also spent a decade in central italy little is known about this time 1507-1517.

  • He received training from his father who was a painter but under the patronage of an educated elite associated with the royal court.

  • Alonso had an extremely active lifestyle he spent his time in various cities in spain including Valladolid, 1523-61, and Toledo. Also spent time in Zaragoza, Oviedo, Granada, and Medina del Campo. He also traveled to central italy for a decade for inspiration for his painting. Alonso married Juana de Pereda in 1525 and had two sons Alonso and Juan.

  • Berruguete was a true renaissance man he was trained as a painter, probably in the studio of his father (Pedro Berruguete), but his real artistic formation took place in the decade he spent in central Italy. During one of his collaborations the sculptor he was working with died so he was forced to adopt sculpting and eventually became an extremely skilled sculptor of statues. Also he was a sculptor of reliefs in marble, alabaster, wood, a designer of retables, and an architect.

  • Alonso was named painter to King Charles V by 1518. Under the patronage of an educated elite associated with the royal court, Berruguete created a great number of paintings, sculptures, and architecture in churches throughout Spain, Despite his prestigious title of "painter to the king," Berruguete was unsuccessful in finding major painting commissions after his return to Spain in 1518 from his 10 years spent in central italy. The was because spanish patrons wanted ¨more tangible” pieces of art and architecture, so Alonso was forced to do collaborations with other artists and sculptors on two major pieces of art.

  • The renaissance ¨isms¨ and ideals that correlate most with Alonso (González) Berruguete are classicism because alonso took old concepts of art, architecture applied them to his own his own work also used traditional ideas of craftsmanship added his own ideas to create his own technique expression. Naturalism applies to him because his early paintings he use oil paints, light color, and texture.

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Description of the Painting

  • The name of this piece of art is ¨Job?¨by Alonso Berruguete
  • This piece took from the years 1526-1532 to complete.
  • You will not be able to see the painting in person because it is in the private collection of The Leonora Hall Gurley Memorial Collection, but you can see images of this painting on the internet.
  • The significance of the piece is the unique combination of materials used to create this piece. The materials used to create this is Pen and brown ink, on tan laid paper, tipped on to yellow wove paper. This is unique because Alonso uses very rudimentary tools like pen and brown ink applied it to a new type of ¨canvas¨ or paper and maded such a detailed drawing.
  • This is a very simple painting using only one main color. The shadowing in this picture makes the picture look three dimensional and gives the illusion that it looks like a statue. The man appears to be thinking or pondering doing something as he looks at something below him that he is pointing at. You can not see what he is pointing at making everyone looking at the painting imagine what it could be.
  • Perspective closely relates to this painting because it appears three dimensional, it also looks like a real person.
  • I think this painting was interesting because it was not like any of the other paintings or sculptures Alonso had created. I also found it interesting and cool that he created such a detailed painting with one color and using just a pen instead of oil paint witch was what was usually used in the renaissance.
  • You can see a vary detail picture of the painting "Job" by Alonso (González) Berruguete on the Art Institute of Chicago.

Works Cited

"Alonso (González) Berruguete." International Dictionary of Art and Artists. Gale, 1990.

Biography in Context. Web. 30 Nov. 2015.

Alonso, Berruguette. "Job". 1532. Pen Brown Ink. The Art Institute of Chicago. Chicago,

Illinois, USA.

Alonso, Berruguette. "Madonna and Child". 1516. Oil Panel. The Art Institute of Chicago. Chicago, Illinios, USA.

Alonso, Berruguete. "Retablo of San Benito: Annunciation". 1533. n.d.Museo Nacional de Escultura. Valladolid, Spain.

Alonso, Berruguete. "Retablo of San Benito: Zacharias?". 1533. n.d. Museo Nacional de Escultura. Valladolid, Spain.