The Chinese and Japanese Empires
Qing rulers reactions to reforms
Conservative reformers like Chang Chih-tung and Li Hung-chang did not join the Boxer Movement and had not lost power. Their influence forced the Empress Dowager to consider carrying out deeper reforms. On the other hand, though the Hundred Day Reform of 1898 ended in failure, its idea of reform still persisted and had in fact considerably impressed the Empress Dowager.