Injury Prevention and Control
VCE health & human development, NHPA's-Research activity
Explanation of Injury Prevention & Control
Why was injuries selected as a NHPA?
Direct and Indirect costs of Injuries
-Running of hospitals.
-Pharmaceuticals assisting with pain management.
-Various aids such as wheelchairs and crutches.
Indirect costs: The list indirect costs associated with injuries are monstrous. Some examples include-
-Long term care.
-Lost taxation revenue
-Payment for services
Relevant health promotion campaigns aimed to address and add awareness to injuries
The national slips and falls prevention project: This is a federal government program that provides resources to health professionals and consumers highlighting common forgotten safety features that should be in place.
The TAC: This strategy is a Victorian federal government program designed to advertise the dangers of roads, cars, drink driving, car safety, the devastating effects of being distracted while behind the wheel, speeding, and the importance of seatbelts. They are shown through television advertisements and billboard. Unlike many other campaigns, the TAC also has a children focus.
Distractions lead to disaster
TAC advertising campaign- February 2013
Drink drive Christmas enforcement
TAC advertising campaign- first shown on 4th December 2011
40 years of seatbelts
TAC advertising campaign aimed at children- first shown 3rd of August 2010
Biological, behavioral, and social determents of health contributing to the NHPA
Behavioral: The behavioral components include a large range of things. Alcohol use, drug use, physical activity, and risk taking behavior are all contributors. Alcohol use often causes people to take unneeded risks that can result in higher rates of injury, such as drink driving or swimming while intoxicated. Drug use contributes to higher rates of mental illness, which can influence suicide and violence rates. It also contributes to disability and death if driving while under the influence. Physical activity relates because people participating in contact sports may be at an increased risk for sport related injuries. Risk taking behavior effects injury rates because men are more likely to take risks than women, therefore men have a higher rate of injury.
Social: The social components that effect people are work, housing and transport. Work effects injuries because the more physically demanding the job a person is participating in, the more likely they are to be injured. Unsafe housing may contribute to falls, or injuries, and the way which people transport themselves effect the rate of injuries. People who ride motorbikes are more susceptible to injuries than those who take a tram.