Katelyn Davis

What is a wetland and what are types?

A wetland is a land consisting of marshes swamps and more that are saturated land. The types of wetlands are swamps, bogs, marshes, and fens. Each of these wetlands help our world in some way.

How do they help us?

Wetlands help us in so many ways they help

-control floods

-filter water

-habitat for animals

-provide nutrients for plants and animals

-keep the world healthy!!!!!!


A swamp wetland is a place usually near rivers or overflowed banks. Swamps are home to many species like alligators or birds. A swamp is the only wetland where trees can grow.
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This wetland is where water covers the surface with shallow water all year long. Since its covered in water all year long the only plants that grow here are reeds and cattails. This makes a dense thick reed bed so amphibians and many fish live.
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A bog is another type of wetland. Bogs are where peat is formed. Plants that live in bogs have to be able to survive in a water logged environment. Waterlogged means full of water/saturated.
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A fen wetland is where water is below the surface and soil. The water does not usually rise over the soil it normally keeps it damp. There are few birds in fens because there is little places for them to live. The plants there are more diverse. The dampness of the soil makes a wonderful home for species like amphibians.
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What are animals in wetlands?

Types of animals in wetlands vary because wetlands are such a good home for many of them. Many animals like birds live in wetlands because there they can live and raise there young.