Green Revolution and GMOs

Bengal Famine

The cause of the Bengal Famine was a cyclone in 1942 which destroyed a lot of rice crops. 1.5 million to 4 million people died due to this famine.

3 basic elements of Green Revolution

1) Continued expansion of farming areas

2) Double cropping existing farmland

3) Using seeds with improved genetics

Green Revolution

Positive economic, sociological, and political results

Economic: India paid back all loans it had taken from the World Bank and its affiliates for the purpose of green revolution.

Sociological: It created many jobs for agricultural and industrial workers.

Political: India transformed into an exporter of food.

Two Limitations of Green Revolution

1) India's agricultural output still sometimes falls short of demand

2) India has failed to extend the concept of high-yield value seeds to all crops or all regions

Positive results of the Green Revolution

1) Made Mrs Indira Gandhi a very powerful political force

2) Created need for new dams to harness monsoon water due to irrigation

Green Revolution concerns

Diminished biodiversity

Quick and easy agriculture lowers quality of food

Uses pesticides in food which could harm the consumer

Uses a lot of water

Benefits of GMOs

Better tasting food

More efficient use of land

Pesticides keep insects away

Longer shelf life

Easier to grow

Negative affects of GMOs

Increased toxicity

Decreased nutritional value

Antibiotic resistance

Food allergies

Harmful to the enviroment