How a Bill becomes a Law

By Trent Baylor, Jake Cumber


The Bill can come from anybody


Representative gives the Bill to the clerk or drops it into the hopper and will give it HR number, but the senate announces the bill on the floor and gives it a S number.
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  • Both committees referred to Standing Committee, both referred to the Subcommittee, reported to Standing Committee, but The House

The Bill is Reported

After the Bill is approved it is sent or reported to the house floor, after the Bill reported, the Bill will be ready to debated.

Bill being Debated

When a bill is debated, Representatives discuss the Bill and explain why they agree or disagree with it. Then, a reading clerk reads the Bill section by section and the Representatives recommend changes. When all changes have been made, the bill is ready to be voted on.

How the Bill is Voted

There are three methods for voting on a bill in the U.S. House of Representatives:

  1. Viva Voce (voice vote): The Speaker of the House asks the Representatives who support the bill to say “aye” and those that oppose it say “no.”
  2. Division: The Speaker of the House asks those Representatives who support the bill to stand up and be counted, and then those who oppose the bill to stand up and be counted.
  3. Recorded: Representatives record their vote using the electronic voting system. Representatives can vote yes, no, or present (if they don’t want to vote on the bill).

If a majority of the Representatives say or select yes, the bill passes in the U.S. House of Representatives. The bill is then certified by the Clerk of the House and delivered to the U.S. Senate.

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The Bill is sent to the President

hen a bill reaches the President, he has three choices. He can:

  1. Sign and pass the Bill—the bill becomes a law.
  2. Refuse to sign, or veto, the Bill—the Bill is sent back to the U.S. House of Representatives, along with the President’s reasons for the veto. If the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate still believe the bill should become a law, they can hold another vote on the Bill. If two-thirds of the Representatives and Senators support the bill, the President’s veto is overridden and the Bill becomes a law.
  3. Do nothing (pocket veto)—if Congress is in session, the bill automatically becomes law after 10 days. If Congress is not in session, the Bill does not become a law.

And then the Bill becomes a Law

If a Bill has passed in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate and has been approved by the President, or if a presidential veto has been overridden, the bill becomes a law and is enforced by the government.
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