Muscular Dystrophy

By: Haley, Krista and Lauren

Sources

Kids Health

Mayo Clinic

What is Muscular Dystrophy?

Muscular Dystrophy is a group of diseases that cause weakness or loss of muscle mass.

How does Muscular Dystrophy effect a person ?

Muscular Dystrophy can effect people in these ways:


  • Lose their ability to walk
  • Cause problems breathing
  • Scoliosis in the spine
  • Heart problems
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Shortening of muscles and tendons
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Symptoms

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: (Symptoms appear in children ages 2-3)
  • Frequent falls
  • Difficulty getting up from a lying or sitting position
  • Trouble running and jumping
  • Waddling gait
  • Walking on the toes
  • Large calf muscles
  • Muscle pain and stiffness
  • Learning disabilities

Becker Muscular Dystrophy: (Symptoms appear in adults in mid 20's or older)

  • Same symptoms has listed above except people with this type of Muscular Dystrophy has milder, slower progressing symptoms.
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Causes of Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular Dystrophy is cause my a gene mutation. It is hereditary.

How Muscular Dystrophy is detected.

  • Enzyme tests.
  • Electromyography.
  • Genetic testing.
  • Muscle biopsy.
  • Heart-monitoring tests (electrocardiography and echocardiogram).
  • Lung-monitoring tests.

The life expectancy for people with Muscular Dystrophy varies person to person based on how weak the persons muscles, heart and lungs are.

Treatments and Remedies

There is no cure for Muscular Dystrophy, but there are many medications,therapy plans and surgeries that can help ease the symptoms of Muscular Dystrophy.

Getting Support

  • Muscular Dystrophy Association
  • F.A.C.E.S
  • RIC LIFE Center