Lara Tenenbaum

Bronchitis is inflammation of the bronchi of the lungs. Syptoms include coughing up mucus, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest discomfort. Bronchitis is divided into two types: acute and chronic, acute bronchitis is also known as a chest cold.

Acute bronchitis usually has a cough that lasts around three weeks. In more than 90% of the cases the cause is a viral infection. These viruses may be spread though the air when people cough or by direct contac. Risk factors include exposure to tabacco smoke, dust, and other air pollution. Treatmen of acute bronchitis typically involves rest, paracetamol, and NSAIDs to help with fever. Chronic bronchitis is defined as a productive cough that lasts for three months or more per year for at least two years.