North American Natives
By Katie Southwick
The Anasazi built dams and canals to get rain water. They also built houses next to the walls of cliffs made out of adobe and stone. The main city was Pueblo Bonito, which had more than 1000 people. The Anasazi built trading routes, from which they traded objects like jewelry, baskets, and pottery. They influenced art and architecture for the Hopi and Zuni. Historians think that the Anasazi might have left because of drought.
The Adena lived in the Ohio valley area around 700 BC. They grew crops like barley, squash, sunflowers, and gourds. Their craftsmen created copper jewelry and beautiful pottery. The Adena honored the dead by building burial mounds out of logs covered in dirt.
The Hopewell also arrived in the Ohio river valley, but around 300 BC. They built mounds and some of them were as big as 40 feet high and 100 feet wide! Some artifacts that have been found have suggested that the Hopewell had a big trading network. The Adena are both commonly referred to as the "Mound Builders".