Pemphigoid

by Adriana Brooks

Pemphogoid

About..
  • pemphogiod is grouped as a subepidermal
  • mostly known in woman over the age of 60
  • different types of this condition may be treated differently
Symptoms..
  • these blisters are found in the inner thighs, stomach/lower abdominal, groin, upper thighs or any area of skin that may fold or crease
  • these blisters can grow to many centimeters large
  • blisters may appear to have a crust around them
*if treated correctly, these blisters can heal without any scarring*
How It Hurts The Body..
  • this blistering disease that attacks the epidermis and the mucosa
  • this condition can grow for years
  • scaring from this disease in the mucous membrane can lead to disability
Prevention..
  • prevention varies with the different steins of the disease
Big image

Bullous Pemphigoid

What Is It?
  • fluid filled blisters on skin
  • typically on skin that moves or rubs
  • elderly people are more likely to get it
  • can also be found in any age, any race in males and females
  • there are around 7-10 new cases every year
Symptoms..
  • during the "non-blistering" stage, it can be very hard to diagnose
  • in the "non-blistering" stage, the skin may appear elevated and red
  • visibly large blister (will not break when touched)
  • the fluid is normally clear, but also can have blood inside
  • the skin around the blister may seem completely normal, or have red spots around them
  • can seem very itchy around the blisters
*these blisters may be on the stomach/lower abdominal, groin, upper thighs or any area of skin that may fold or crease*
Cause..
  • thin tissue under the epidermis is attacked by your immune system
  • the immune system mistakes this tissue as harmful and tries to destroy it
  • can be triggered by some medications being taken
  • also can be triggered by Ultraviolet Light Therapy or radiation
Treatment..
  • medication is given to stop the immune system from attacking the tissue
  • can be life threatening to the elderly
Things To Watch..
  • the risk of getting these blisters increases with age, as a person becomes more wrinkly
  • if the blisters rupture and get infected, it can lead to Sepsis that can be life threatening
Prevention..
  • minimum sunlight
  • wear protective clothing
Big image

Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid

What Is It..
  • it is a Chronic Autoimmune disorder
  • blistering that affects the mucous membranes inside the body
  • woman are more likely to end up with this disease then men
Where..
  • the blistering can affect the skin
  • mouth and eye membranes are most commonly affected
  • nose, throat and other membranes through out the body can be affected
Symptoms..
  • different sites of the body with this disease may have different symptoms
  • the blistering may heal, but sometimes can leave a scar
  • depending on where the scars occur, could lead to serious damages to the eyes and throat
Prevention..
  • hygiene inside the mouth
  • regular visits to the doctor
  • less sun exposure to the mouth and eyes
MUCOUS MEMBRANE PEMPHIGOID - ORAL CAVITY..

Pemphigoid Gestationis

What Is It..
  • a rare Autoimmune Bullous Dermatosis can occur while being pregnant
  • starts off as an itchy rash then turns into the blisters
  • start to show late into pregnancy, but can form any time during pregnancy
  • most commonly appear around the stomach area around the belly button and lower back
  • can spread around the body
When..
  • 2-4 weeks the large blisters form
  • these blisters can flare during or shortly after delivery
  • this type of blister in most cases go away shortly after having the baby
  • some don't have blisters, just a raised itchy patch
Other Facts..
  • originally thought of as being herpes gestationis because of the blisters looking so closely to the blisters that form during the herpes virus
Tests..
  • symptoms can be blistering, itchy red spots and raised red spots
  • a skin biopsy is needed to diagnose
  • sometimes can be diagnosed by a blood sample
Treatments..
  • the main purpose of treatment is to stop the itching and prevent blisters from forming
  • little medication is used to stop the itching, but does not hurt the baby
  • after the baby is born, more effective doses can be used to fully get rid of the disease

Different Stages of Pemphigoid Gestationis

Gestational Pemphigoid

Sources

Websites..
  • "Bullous Pemphigoid." Complications. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2015.
  • "Pemphigoid." Pemphigus Pemphigoid Foundation IPPF. N.p., 18 Mar. 2014. Web. 11 Oct. 2015.
  • "DermNet NZ." Pemphigoid Gestationis. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2015.
  • "Prevention & Psychology." International Pemphigus & Pemphigoid Foundation. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2015.
Photos..
  • "Pathology Test 3 Pictures." Flashcards. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2015.
  • "Pemphigoid, Benign Mucous Membrane." LookForDiagnosis.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2015.
  • "Bullous Pemphigoid." MayoClinic.com Health Library -. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2015.
  • "Bullous Pemphigoid – Pictures, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment." Bullous Pemphigoid – Pictures, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2015.
  • "Pemphigoid Gestationis." Pemphigoid Gestationis. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2015.
  • "Mucous Membrane (Cicatricial) Pemphigoid." Benign Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2015.
Videos..
  • Gestational Pemphigoid. Perf. The Dr.s. 2009. Youtube.
  • "MUCOUS MEMBRANE PEMPHIGOID - ORAL CAVITY.." YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2015.