Scientific Revolution

Jesus Flores - 1st Period

What was the change?

The period of time of the 1300's through the 1600's, a huge change of time in Europe has occurred. The Renaissance, a rebirth of a learning and of the arts. All of this has inspired a spirit of curiosity in many fields. Lots of scholars has began to question some of the many ideas that had been accepted for hundreds of years. Therefore, some of the religious movement known as the Reformation prompted followers to challenge has accepted some ways of thinking about God and salvation. While the Reformation was taking place, another revolution in European thought has begun, the one that would permanently change how people had viewed the physical world.

Before the 1500's, many of the few scholars generally decided what was the true or false by which referring to an ancient Greek or Roman authors or to the Bible. During the Middle Ages, most scholars believed that the earth was an immovable object located at the center of the whole entire universe. After all, the sun has appeared to be moving around the earth as it has rose in the early morning and it has set in the evening.

At the beginning of the mid-1500's, most of the few scholars published works that challenged all of the ideas of the ancient thinkers and of the church. As of these scholars replaced old assumptions with new theories, they launched a change in European thought that many historians had came to call all of this the Scientific Revolution. The Scientific Revolution was a new kind of way of thinking about the very few, or shall I say of the many things of our natural world. This way was based upon very careful observations that had to be checked repeatedly, and many of willingness to question the accepted beliefs.

Who were the people who associated with the change?

The Scientific Revolution

How did the change impact the society at the time?

Area of Impact One: Medieval Art

Art was one of the most finest things back in the early 1500's. Some of the most greatest artists that are known to this day have some very nice artwork from back in the Renaissance. We all know why Leonardo de Vinci was famous for painting the most famous work of the one and only Mona Lisa and the Last Supper. Most of the one reasons why people look back to Leonardo's history back in the Renaissance, is due to him being a famous artist and a scientist at a time where both art and science was extremely important. Furthermore into that he has now come to characterize the ultimate "Renaissance Man".

Art back then was named, "Medieval Art". Medieval Art all began to look back into the classical age of Greek and Romans. They often did this in order to seek out new ideas and inspiration from the ancient literature. For example, the nude figure, which became very popular in the classical age of the Greek and Romans. There is also a great display of nature as Venus is shown during her birth of sea foam and floats on a nacreous scallop shell. In addition, the art portrays elements of water, wind, flowers, and trees that all effectively reveal the importance of nature at this time. As due to this day, Medieval Art is worth tons of money and it is also just the master piece and just a great work of ancient times.

Area of Impact Two: Physics

The Scientific Revolution convenient boundary between ancient thought and also due to classical physics. Nicolaus Copernicus revived the heliocentric model of the solar system described by Aristarchus of Samos. This was also followed by the first known model of planetary motion given by Kepler back in the early 17th century, which has also proposed that the planets follow elliptical orbits, with the Sun at one of the focuses of ellipse. These studies led to the unification of the two phenomena into a single theory of electromagnetism, by the one and only James Clerk Maxwell also know as Maxwell's equations.

Further developments took place during World War II, which has also led to practical application of radar and the development and the use of the atomic bomb. Although the process had just begun with the cyclotron, in the 1930's, physics in the postwar period entered into a phase of what historians have just called "Big Science", requiring massive machines, budgets, and laboratories in order to test their theories and move into new frontiers.

Area of Impact Three: Philosophies

As with many periodizations, there are multiple current usages for the term "Modern Philosophy" that exists in practice. One usage is to date modern philosophy from the "Age of Reason", where systematic philosophy became common, excluding Erasmus and Machiavelli as "modern philosophers. Another is to date it, the way the entire larger modern period is dated, from the Renaissance. A broad overview would then have Erasmus, Francis Bacon, Niccolo Machiavelli, and Galileo Galilei represented the rise of empiricism and humanism in place of scholastic tradition. 17th-century philosophy is dominated by the need to organize philosophy or rational, skeptical, logical and axiomatic grounds, such as work of Rene Descartes, Blaise Pascal, and Thomas Hobbes. The extension, and reaction, against this would be the monism of George Berkeley and Benedict de Spinosa.

How is that change evidence in today's modern society?

The main change in our modern society has to be physics; science. Most of the many scientists had developed new tools and instruments to make the precise observations that the scientific method demanded. The one of the first microscope was invented by a Dutch maker of eyeglasses back in the 1590's. From Archimedes to Issac Newton, milestones in the study of the one and only physical world have not only influenced the field of science, but have also penetrated our everyday speech and how we see and interact with the world.

During the Middle Ages, European doctors had accepted as fact the writings of an ancient Greek physician named Galen. However, Galen had never dissected the body of a human being. Therefore, he had instead studied the anatomy of pigs and other several of animals. Not only did that make a huge change in our society, but it did also made a change to those out there that are out there as doctors and vets. Helping those who are injured and sick in the hospitals and also the animal hospitals. Many of these great things that they have discovered back in the Scientific Revolution, are still being used to this day. Not one thing in the world could change our studies in physics or in another things from the Scientific Revolution and the Renaissance.