History of Asia

important people and places

Angkor Wat

The Angkor Wat is about 1 square mile in area. Its inner walls are covered with carvings of figures from Hindu myths. Deep in the rain forest of Cambodia lies the temple of Angkor Wat-- the largest temple in the world.


It was built in the A.D. 1100s by the Khmer, whose empire included Cambodia and much of Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam. The empire enjoyed great wealth and it is said that the king, wearing gold and pearls, rode on an elephant whose tusks were wrapped in gold. The remains of Angkor Wat stand today as proof of the great civilization.

Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal was built as a memorial of Mumtaz Mahal, the third wife of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. The Taj Mahal took 17 years to build. Sahan Jahan was going to build a black marble on the other side of the river, but the war of his sons interrupted his plans. It took more than 22000 people to build the Taj Mahal.


It also changes colors at different times of days. The Taj Mahal is surrounded by gardens. Sahan Jahan ordered that the builders get their hands cut off so they don't make any thing like the Taj Mahal. The main dome is about 10 stories tall.

Confucius

The Confucius statue is in Chinatown in New York City. More than 2,000 years ago, Confucius advised his students to: "Let the ruler be a ruler and the subject be a subject." "A youth, when at home, should act with respect to his parents, and, abroad, be respectful to his elders."


He taught that everyone has duties and responsibilities. If one acts correctly, the effect is that their will be peace and harmony. His ideas helped China in 2 ways and they are for the government to run smoothly for years and Chinese cultures too for the last centuries.

Mohandas K. Gandhi

He lived from 1869-1948, he was 79 years old when he died. He was a greatly beloved spiritual and a political leader in India. He fought for Indian libertarian.


He was an important role in India. He had a vision of a free India. He was killed from being assassinated. Gandhi studied law at the University of Bombay for one year, then at the University College London, from which he graduated in 1891.

Great Wall of China

For much of its history, China had little to do with the rest of the world. The Great Wall of China--started before 206 B.C.--is a symbol of china's desire to keep the world at a distance.


Chinese leaders renamed their country the middle kingdom because to them, it was center of the universe. Ancient China was governed by an emperor--a ruler of wide--spread lands and groups of people.