Han Dynasty (202 BCE - 256 CE)

Natalie Eisen and Jimena Alvarez


The Han dynasty was very wealthy and full of prosperity and peace. Also, the dynasty was well-liked and well-known by foriegners. The first emperor during the Han dynasty was Gaodi and the last was Wang Mang. The emperors rose to power by strengthening their army and eventually, their peace came back from the last dynasty. During the Han dynasty, emperor Liu Bang lead a strong military which won battles to conquer more land. Over time people were getting too greety about their wealth and soon there was not enough money for everyone's needs. The population declined and the needs for the poor were ignored.
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With the many inventions, such as paper and silk weaving products, the Han dynasty traded successfully. Also, the Han dynasty created the "silk road" which was a road that extended all the way to the Roman Empire. Some of the important products used were silk and paper that were used to trade for gold silver and precious gems. One of the important jobs were architects. With all of the new buildings built, the Han dynasty needed more architects. Since the Han dynasty was using more paper, the craftsman and scribes grew in size. While the doctors were encouraging new medicine, the farmers and merchants were growing crops and trading for wealth. The Han dynasty traded goods such as silk products with the Roman Empire to earn wealth.

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Inventions/ Technology/ Science and Architecture

The major inventions and scientific discoveries during the Han dynasty were the paper, silk products, and the "Silk Road." The paper was made out of trees and used for many different things. Scribes used the paper for Chinese writing and calligraphy. The way that we process paper today was invented by China during the Han dynasty. Also, the Silk Road was invented during the Han dynasty and was used for trading goods that were mostly made out of silk. One of the many important buildings that the Han dynasty created was the Eaves of the forbidden city which was the largest ancient deluxe architecture. One unique type of architecture in the Han dynasty were the Chinese temples and tombs. They stood out by their variety use of timber and corbel domes. During the Han dynasty, a lot of creative architecture was invented.
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Religion/ Culture/ and Social Life

Religion in the Han dynasty was cherished. In the year 65 CE, the Chinese converted religion from Confucianism to Buddhism. They got the idea of Buddhism from India. The Han dynasty also had many beliefs such as afterlife and worshiping ancestors. They believed in decorating their tombs for the afterlife with sculptures of anything they needed later, like warriors, servants, furniture, and even toilets! They encouraged literature and teachings of Buddhism. The different works of art in the Han dynasty were calligraphy, mandarin Chinese writing, ceramics, and pottery. Some of the games they played were the Yi board game and the Qin instrument. The daily life in the Han Dynasty was different for everyone. In rich's life the young boys got tutored at home, and they wore clothes that were imitations of people in the palace. They also had beautiful homes, with carpets, rich colored drapes, ate expensive food, and their tombs were guarded with a stone lion placed outside of it. On the other hand, the poor had little food, had to live in cities and were treated poorly outside of the country sides. Although some people were treated unfairly and there were some flaws with the dynasty, we still remember the Han dynasty today.
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