The painful decision making model include wasting time and emotion while trying to identify choices. Usually a person never reaches a decision, and normally the decision is forced upon them by someone else or left to chance.
The impulsive process is void of planning and lack of attention to strengths, weaknesses, and goals. The decision is usually made very quickly and is not often the best decision.
Someone using the compliant model allow others to make the decision for them. Although this model may be necessary at certain times, it should not be used in excess because the decision maker will not have ownership of the outcome.
In this model, people do not face a decision, but procrastinate and delay the process. This could result in unawareness of the problem, fear in regards to making a decision, not knowing how to pick an alternative, or just lacking time and energy.