By Eric Cardoso
What is Artificial Intelligence ?
4 different perspectives that exist on Artificial Intelligence
Engineering Morality into Robots Will Be Necessary
One viewpoint on artificial intelligence regards the debate on how we as creators must incorporate morality into the robots or artificial intelligences we create. As we create these robots, the opportunity for disaster is a pressing issue that can not be ignored. Artificial intelligence, much like humans, can only understand what it is programmed to understand. If morality is not implemented into the robots we create, we could have a problem of rogue robots that commit acts of crime since they don’t understand that what they’re doing is bad. They don’t have feelings, so we need program them to understand the difference between good and bad. Colin Allen made an interesting statement on the matter, “A robot walks into a bar and says, "I'll have a screwdriver." A bad joke, indeed. But even less funny if the robot says "Give me what's in your cash register." This provides great insight to the importance of morality in robots and artificial technology.
Artificial Intelligence Will Exceed Human Intelligence
Although few can imagine machines with greater-than-human intelligence, several characteristics of artificial intelligence suggest the very real possibility, argues Luke Muehlhauser in the following viewpoint. For example, he asserts, AI can send and receive signals faster and compute more rapidly than humans. Moreover, Muehlhauser maintains, machines, not limited by biology, can easily assess their own cognitive systems. Indeed, when machines discover how to improve themselves, their advanced replication ability will likely lead to an intelligence explosion—the singularity, in which AI exceeds human intelligence. Muehlhauser is executive director of the Machine Intelligence Research Institute, a Berkeley, California, think tank whose goal is to ensure that AI benefits humankind.
Christianity Allows for the Possibility of Artificial Intelligence
People have debated the morality of creating artificial intelligence and whether or not we as humans have the right to create a new species, essentially playing the role of god. In this viewpoint, Russell C. Bjork, a professor of computer science at Gordon College in Wenham, Massachusetts, discusses that theologically the soul may emerge from bodily processes. Also, he argues how in christian teaching, human specialness need not be based on what humans are, but rather on what God intends for them. He states that this means christianity allows for the opportunity for artificial intelligence to be created and might even provide insight on how it can be created and what it’s limits might be.
Artificial Intelligence Poses a Doomsday Threat
Should scientists be free to pursue their investigations regardless of potential risk ?
Should they publicize every discovery they make ?
Summary of articles
1. Artificial Intelligence Poses a Doomsday Threat
In this article it talks about how making/ creating and Artificial Intelligence (AI) would bring the end of human kind. That we don't know what kind of intentions an AI would have or if it would even listen to what we have to say or want it to do. People say that it is a bad idea because it would probably not feel the same emotions as us humans.