FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE

By: Layne Alvarado

Simile

A figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic, or vivid, by using "like" or "as".


Ex. from The Hunger Games


One simile in The Hunger Games is found on page 54, "Could Gale and I have been eating blackberries only this morning? It seems like a lifetime ago. Like a long dream that deteriorated into a nightmare."

Metaphor

a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable

Ex. from The Hunger Games

Katniss, the Girl on Fire- She is the spark that set the districts alight with the idea of rebellion and the courage to change. She's never actually on fire... except for that bit where she gets hit with a fire ball in the Games... but other than that, it's a metaphor


Personification

the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form.

Ex. from The Hunger Games

"The world begins to bend in alarming ways"


Hyperbole

exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.

Ex. from The Hunger Games


Clove threw the knife in the back of the District 9 boy quicker than lightning.

Alliteration

the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.

Ex. from The Hunger Games

"Desperately he struck out with strong strokes"