The Enlightenment

Caleb Phipps

Ideas of the enlightenment

1: reason

Newtons idea was that using the scientific method and applying it to every part of life to create a better society, and make progress forward. Newton beleived that world was similar to a massive machine, and discovering how it works will lead to a conclusion on how human society is subject to these natural laws.

2:tabula rasa

Tabula rasa is John locke's idea that every human is born with an empty mind, and by experience his mind is filled with he beleived that If a human was born and exposed to good influences then society would change with the generation for better.

3: checks and balances:

Montesquie beleived that the best government would have split powers between an executive, a legislative, and judicial branches. His ideas, after being translated to English, were used in the US constitution.

4: Religious tolerance

Voltaire had fought against religious intolerance in Europe, stating that all men are brothers under God. He beleived that the world was a clock, created by God, it's maker, and was set to run without his interruption.

John Locke

John lock was a philosopher with a powerful belief in the power of the people, not the government. He states that the job of the government is to protect the natural rights of life, liberty, and property, and if the government fails to do so, it may be scrapped. He also supported the idea that the power should not be to one monarch, but split between a judicial, executive, and legislative branch. He is important because his ideas were the foundation of the American constitution.
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Science in the Enlightenment

The field of science was hugely changed in the enlightenment. People started to think more rationally, and facts and evidence were stronger than listening to what the bishops told you. The ideas of gravity, a heliocentric solar system, and anatomy of the human body were a few of the impacts.