ALL ABOUT PHOBIAS
By: Grace Kim
Definition Of Phobia
(Children's Health. (n.d.). Retrieved May 1, 2015, from http://www.healthofchildren.com/P/Phobias.html)
We can see different types of phobias in a variety of mental disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder(OCD), or post-traumatic stress disorder, or panic disorder. Researchers found out that "Approximately one person in five (18 Percent) of all americans experience phobias that interfere with their daily lives." and "Approximately 4 to 5 percent of the U.S. population has one or more clinically significant phobias in a given year." (Facts About Phobias. (n.d.). Retrieved May 1, 2015, from http://psychcentral.com/lib/facts-about-phobias/000658).
Different types of phobias
People in general dislike different events, and situations. However, For it to be acknowledged as a phobia the fear must affect the individual in their everyday lives. Specific Phobia is where you feel threatened to a specific object or situation. Some of the most common are: Glossophobia: performance anxiety, or the fear of speaking in front of an audience, Acrophobia: The fear of heights, Claustrophobia: The fear of enclosed or tight spaces, Dentophobia: The fear of the dentist or dental procedures, Hemophobia: The fear of blood or injury, Animal or insect phobias: The fear of animals or insects, Nyctophobia: The fear of the nighttime or darkness.
This is a phobia where the individual feels anxious around other people. It is referred to as "social anxiety dosorder". People with social phobias try to prevent themselves from any interactions with the public. It can be so severe that the person can panic with even the smallest interaction. It interferes with their daily lives, they know that it is an irrational fear however they cannot overcome the fear and the symtoms.
This Phobia is the fear of places, and/or situations where you cannot escape. The fear that they may panic in situations where you cannot get out. They tend to stay home and avoid public areas
(Phobias. (n.d.). Retrieved May 1, 2015, from http://www.healthline.com/health/phobia-simple-specific#Types3)
Top 10 Most Common Phobias
Who Is Affected?
How Does It Impact The Indiviual
Symptoms And Characteristics
SymptomsThe most common symptoms of phobia is a panic attack. The features of the panic attack can include: pounding or racing heart, rapid speech or inability to speak, dry mouth, shortness of breath, chest pain or tightness, upset stomach or nausea, elevated blood pressure, trembling or shaking, dizziness or lightheadedness, and etc. It is also most likely to follow these following reactions: The feeling that you must do everything within your power to avoid what you fear, the inability to function normally because of your anxiety, in children, possibly tantrums, clinging or crying, and etc.
There can be Physical symptoms, Behavioural symptoms, Emotional symptoms, Social symptoms, and cognitive symptoms. But in the end they all lead to anxiety and affect the person both physically and mentally.
(Phobias. (n.d.). Retrieved May 1, 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/phobias/basics/symptoms/con-20023478)
The Cause Of Phobias
Here is a test that will reveal your phobias
Treatment For Phobias
1. Cognitive-behavioural therapy: It is the most commonly used therapeutic treatment. cognitive-behavioural therapy(OCT) exposes the individual to the source of fear in a controlled setting. The treatment decondition patience and it reduces anxiety. The therapist focuses on changing the dysfunctional beliefs or negative thoughts the individual has. The CBT techniques use virtual reality tech in order to safely expose the patient to the source of their fear and reduce the negative reactions.
2. Medication: Mostly medication is used to calm down the the mind and block the pain. the drugs can control symptoms and help prevent panic attacks. The blood pressure medication called beta blockers can reduce over-stimulation by controlling the physical symptoms of anxiety.