Artifact

The telephone

Big image

The Invention

"Come here Mr. Watson, I want to see you!", - Alexander Graham Bell March 10, 1876


The business of providing telephone service was off and running soon after that fateful day Bell and Watson were demonstrating the instrument.

Innovation

Over the years, some changes were made to the telephone to improve its performance:


1878 - A manual switching board was introduced allowing many phones to be connected through a single exchange.


1880's - The first "metallic" circuits were installed.

1891 - "Automatic" dial phone instead of operators delaying calls.

The first Telephone

Alexander Graham Bell worked at a school for deaf people, attempting to make a machine that could transmit sound by electricity. 2 years later the famous quote "Mr. Watson, come here; I want you." was transmitted in his laboratory in front of a crowd.
The goal was intended to be communication for the deaf, but years later it would become one of the most used way to communicate from a distance or even around the globe, it was a revolutionary invention.
Big image

Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922)

Born to a wealthy family, he had access to good education, but was homeschooled instead.

At an early age, he assisted his father with numerous experiments on Visible Speech for deaf people, which also taught him many things.

In 1871, he moved to Boston and began to make a device that would transfer several messages through a line, he partnered with Thomas Watson, who was a skilled elctrician, Bell would think of an idea and Watson would help him put it in action.
Though he created the first phone and had a patent, Bell would face many problems with other company trying to claim title for the phone, but amazingly, his company won all of their cases.
Bell later soon handed his company over to someone else, nearing the end of his life, he worked on several other projects and devoted his time to working with flight. He died peacefully beside his wife in 1922 at his summer home on Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. The North American phone users were urged to not use their phone during his burial as a tribute to him.

Uses today

Rather than used as help for the deaf, today it is widely used to connect the globe, people around us use their phone to chat, talk and even work on projects with each other from around the country, even other countries.
It has become a wide use of communication and has connected people from place to place.

Positives and Negatives

Pro's: People are now connected from far distances and now can be connected throughout the land, it also helped messages get delivered a lot faster than the old mail system.


Con's: It is easy to break down/malfuntion, to add to the fact that an operator has to operate stations to connect people to each other, not only that, but they also needed a line to connect the phone, which often also broke down and needed constant maintenace.

Ways it could've been improved:

Instead of running through a single line, it could've been connected to a station and instead dialed directly to a person from the station instead of having a operator having to connect people straight off. And the lines to connect them could've been reinforced to not break down/overheat.

Bibliography