Psychology

By: Matthew Cheon

How is MS thought to develop? What role does the immune system supposedly play in the development of this disease?

Multiple sclerosis is being studied by the scientists today with modern technology and they still don't know the exact origin of the development of MS. They have some ideas that concerns the immunology, epidemiology, and genetics. The immune system is supposed to protect the body from outside harmful substance but in the bodies of the MS patient, the immune system attacks the the myelin coating around the nerve fibers and even the nerve fibers themselves.

What are the symptoms of MS?

The immune system attacks different parts of different people so the symptoms differ greatly from person to person. However, the most similar symptoms are loss of vision, double vision, tingling or pain in parts of your body, tremor, lack of coordination or unsteady gait, dizziness, and problems with bowel and bladder functions.

What is done to treat the symptoms? What medications or other treatments are available? Evaluate the effectiveness of treament

Corticosteroids are used to reduce the nerve inflammation. However, this brings couple of side effects that include insomnia, increased blood pressure, mood swings and fluid retention.


Plasma exchange is the treatment of removing the liquid part of your blood from the blood cells and putting protein solution that is put back into your body.


Beta interferons and Glatiramer acetate is used in severer circumstances

There are no therapy or medicine that will slow down the process of MS.

Is there a cure?

No, there is no cures for patients with MS, however there are treatments that my relinquish the patient from the pain momentarily. Some people have mild symptoms that is not necessary for treatments.

Is Ms genetic? If so, how likely is it to spread to offspring?

MS is not hereditary but having a sibling or parent with MS will increase your chance of having MS. There also is certain genes in the population that have a higher rate of MS and will often have higher rates of having MS if the person's family has more than one person with MS.

Is life-expectancy affected?

Luckily, MS is not fatal to humans and the victims of MS will have almost the same life expectancy as the normal population. That means that MS patients normally die of the same conditions as the people without MS.

How many people are currently living with SM? Is there any sort of global pattern?

There are roughly 2.5 million cases of MS in the entire world with 400,000 of those in the United States. There tend to be more MS further away from the equator. So the southern states of United States only have 57 - 78 cases per 100,000 people however, there are 110-140 cases per 100,000 people in the northern states of United States.
Living with MS (Multiple Sclerosis)

Reflection

I did not know until before I saw the videos that the MS disease disable your legs and other parts of your body. One of the things that surprised me is that these people did not even know that they had MS until 10 years later. This shows me how dormant MS can be and how deadly it can hide from me or anyone. However, the most important thing that stood out to me was that these people were very bright and positive. They looked at life's bright side even when it took their legs and other parts away. I was fascinated to see how well they have adjusted with their life with their disease.

Future people need to know that this disease is not spreadable but will attack anyone(dominantly in the far north/south of the equator) in the world. They need to know that this disease is not something that we should overlook and that we should take well care of our bodies even when we don't necessarily see the need for that.

Works Cited

"Multiple Sclerosis Prognosis and Your Life Expectancy." Healthline. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Jan. 2016.

"Multiple Sclerosis." Symptoms and Causes. N.p., 01 Oct. 2015. Web. 10 Jan. 2016.

"What Causes MS?" National Multiple Sclerosis Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Jan. 2016.