Middle Colonies

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William Penn established this proprietary colony in 1681. With a population of about 11,000 there was no specific religious group but the Quakers were the most predominant. Their main cash crop was wheat.

New York

The Royal colony of New York was founded in 1664 named for James, Duke of York. With a population of about 5,000 people who were a majority Catholics but there was no official religion. New York's economy thrived on the fur trade, wheat, and shipbuilding.


Founded in 1664 it was under Pennsylvanian control from 1682-1701 when they were granted independent colonial legislature. With a population of about 1,000 with mixed religious beliefs. The economy was based on mixed agriculture.

New Jersey

The sewer of New York was founded in 1664 with a population of about 1,000. Religious Freedom is what attracted people to the colony. With an economy based on wheat it was truly a bread basket colony.