Olive Baboons

Papio anubis

Key Information

Closely related to monkeys, Baboons are some of the world's largest, and Olive Baboons are just one of five different Baboon species. Usually living in Africa or Arabia, Olive Baboons prefer semi-arid or savanna habitats. Baboons are omnivorous and have a wide ranged diet. They typically eat fruits, seeds, flowers, insects, eggs, and rodents. If they are a larger baboon, they will kill larger prey such as gazelles.


Kingdom: Animalia

Phlyum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Primates

Family: Cercopithecidae

Genus: Papio

Species: Olive Baboon

Social Interactions

Olive baboons are highly social animals that travel together in troops as small as fourty, and as large as one hundred. This particular baboon species communicartes using visual signals and vocalizations. Since they live with males and females, there is fierce competion for males to mate with females. Males follow a strategy of developing "friendships" with females in order to increase their chances of mating.

Interesting Facts

- Baboons are able to run at a top speed of 45 miles per hour.

- They will grow to be between 20 and 34 inches tall.

- They can weigh as little as 30 pounds, or as much as 100 lbs.

- Olive Baboons can travel more than four miles a day.

- Have the ability to survive up to 30 years in the wild, and 45 in captivity.