Fruit galore

Stuff your face with nutrition not with big macs

carbohydrates

•In our diet we should have 50-60% of carbohydrates intake.•Complex- bread, rice, pasta, wholemeal foods.•Simple- honey, milk, yoghurt, candy, chocolate, fruit, fruit juice, cake, jam, biscuits.•Glucose- the smallest unit of carbohydrates.•Glycogen- stored glucose in the muscles and the liver attached to the water molecules.•I will need carbohydrates to slowly release energy for basketball because I will need energy for 90 minutes

Protein

•Needed for growth and development.•Provides body with energy.•Needed to make hormones, antibodies, enzymes and tissues.•10-15 of daily calorie intake should come from protein.Protein is found in:, Fish, Nuts, Chicken breastPork chopsEggs are a good choice as part of a healthy, balanced diet. As well as being a source of protein, they also contain vitamins and minerals. They can be part of a healthy meal that's quick and easy to make.

Fibre

•It contains carbohydrates.•High fibre diets have also shown to reduce the risk of colon cancer.•Fibre is defined as “indigestible plant material”.  Fibre is an important part of a healthy diet. A diet high in fibre has many health benefits. It can help prevent heart disease, diabetes, weight gain, some cancers, and it can also improve digestive health.

Fats

•Fats are perceived as bad for us but are an essential part of our diet•Fat is used as an energy source but produces it at a much slower rate than carbs therefore used when doing low intensity exercise•25-30% of daily calorie intake needs to be made up for fats•Protein of internal organs•Constant source of energy•Store of energy•Heat production•Fats supply energy for everyday activities Needed for growth and development.Provides body with energy.Needed to make hormones, antibodies, enzymes and tissues.

The digestive system

The digestive system is a group of organs working together to convert food into energy and basic nutrients to feed the entire body. Food passes through a long tube inside the body known as the alimentary canal or the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract). The alimentary canal is made up of the oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestines, and large intestines.http://www.innerbody.com/image/digeov.html

The eatwell plate

The eatwell plate highlights the different types of food that make up our diet, and shows the proportions we should eat them in to have a well balanced and healthy diet. 

Vitamins

A vitamin is an organic compound required by an organism as a vital nutrient in limited amounts. the term is conditional both on the circumstances and on the particular organism. For example, ascorbic acid (vitamin C) is a vitamin for humans, but not for most other animals, and biotin (vitamin H) and vitamin D are required in the human diet only in certain circumstances.

Minerals

Minerals are necessary for three main reasons:building strong bones and teeth controlling body fluids inside and outside cells turning the food you eat into energy Minerals are found in foods such as meat, cereals (including cereal products such as bread), fish, milk and dairy foods, vegetables, fruit and nuts.Essential minerals include calcium and iron, although there are also many other types of minerals that are an important part of a healthy diet.