Henry Bouquet


Early Life

Bouquet was born into a moderately wealthy family in Rolle, Swiss Confederacy, the oldest of seven brothers. The son of a Swiss roadhouse owner and his well-to-do wife, he entered military service at the age of 17. Like many military officers of his day, Bouquet traveled between countries serving as a professional soldier. He began his military career in the army of the Dutch Republic and later was in the service of the Kingdom of Sardinia. In 1748, he was again in Dutch service as lieutenant colonel of the Swiss guards.

French and Indian War

He entered the British Army in 1754 as a lieutenant colonel in the 60th Regiment of Foot, a unit made up largely of members of Pennsylvannia's German immigrant community. After leading the Royal Americans to Charleston, South Carolina to bolster that city's defences, the regiment was recalled to Philadelphia to take part in Genral John Forbe's expedition against Fort Duquesne in 1758.

While Bouquet travelled down the road from Fort Bedford, his troops were attacked by French and Indians at Loyalhanna, near present Ligonier, Pennsylvania, but the attack was repulsed and they continued on to Fort Duquesne, only to find it razed by the fleeing French.

Bouquet ordered the construction of a new British garrison on the site of Fort Duquesne. Bouquet is given credit for naming the new garrison Fort Pitt and the village that quickly grew up around it Pittsburgh.

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Promotion and Sudden Death

In 1765, Bouquet was promoted to brigadier general and placed in command of all British forces in the southeren colonies. He died in Pensacola, West Florida, on September 2nd, 1765, probably from yellow fever.