VCR Lesson 3 Presentation

Meryl Llamas

Fill in the blank with the best word from lesson 3

The Black Plague was a ___________ disease that spread worldwide in the 1340s by rats carried on trade ships, resulting in the death of an estimated 25 million people.


pandemic (pan-dem-ik) (adjective)


1. Spread throughout a wide geographic area; worldwide

2. general; universal

*Pandemic can be used as a noun meaning a pandemic disease.

Origin and Roots

  • Origin: Greek
  • Pandemic comes from the Greek roots pan (all) and dēmos (people) creating the word pandēmos. The English suffix -ic was added in the mid 17th century creating the word pandemic.

Synonym- global

Antonym- rare

Often confused with the word Epidemic

An epidemic is a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time. A pandemic is an epidemic on a global scale.

Choose the letter of the sentence in which the bold faced word is used incorrectly.

a. There was a flu pandemic last year that affected one state, but not it's neighboring states.

b. The ongoing HIV/AIDS pandemic has caused 5 million people worldwide to have the disease.

c. There was a pandemic fear of atomic warfare after World War 1.

d. The pandemic disease spread quickly by mosquitoes through countries all over the world.

ANSWER: A- Pandemic refers to things worldwide. Because it is specified in the sentence that only one state was affected, a better word to use would be epidemic.