The Stormy Sixties
John F. Kennedy
Election of Kennedy
- Election of 1960
Who was the Vice President?
- Lyndon B Johnson
Was the Election Close? Nixon Kennedy Debates?
- First televised debate
- The television played a major role as those who watched it thought Kennedy won, and those who listened on the radio believed Nixon had won.
- Kennedy won by a margin of 2% with 303 to 219
The Cold War
Kennedy and Vietnam
Bay of Pigs:
- Kennedy changed the U.S's alliance with South Vietnam from just support to partnership and actively sent troops to fight.
- As the war went on it became difficult to asses a specific policy to put into place and was assassinated before making a final decision or statement.
Bay of Pigs:
- Failed attempt by the U.S. to overthrow Castro by sending 1,500 trained Cuban rebels.
- U.S. spy planes found Soviet nuclear missile sites being constructed in Cuba.
- Air assault was considered, however the sites were disassembled.
- Kennedy met with Khrushchev in Vienna
- A treaty with the USSR and East Berlin had interfered with U.S. access to West Berlin, and if such treaty was signed it would be viewed as an act of war
- As soon as Kennedy returned to America Khrushchev announced a treaty had in fact been signed.
Construction of the Berlin Wall
- This was a wall that divided East and West Berlin
- Stopped the migration of citizens from East Berlin to West Berlin
- Kennedy ignored it as long as those from West Berlin could travel to East Berlin
Kennedy and Civil Rights
- Kennedy was an advocate of social and civil equality but was too busy with the Cold War to really do anything in these areas.
- Executive Order 10925 stated that government contractors could not base any actions against an employee on race.
- Sent troops to suppress uprisings by the KKK
- Sent troops to protect students at riots at Ole Miss and Alabama university
- Kennedy was assassinated on November 22, 1963.
- Kennedy was riding in a convertible through Dallas, Texas when a sniper bullet had gone through his head.
- Lee Harvey Oswald was assumed guilty and arrested
- Killed before his trial came
- Kennedy's Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson was then sworn in as President aboard the Airforce One.