The Brain Structures and Functions

Have you ever wondered what you brain did or why you have it? Well your brain controls everything that goes on in your body. Some of your brain controls your heart beat and all of your organs, and another part of your brain controls your emotions. As a result your brain is divided into three different parts, those parts are then divided up into regions that control different functions.

The Cerebrum

The Cerebrum is the largest part in the human brain. The Cerebrum is divided up into four main different regions such as, the Frontal Lobe, the Parietal Lobe, the Occipital Lobe, and the Temporal Lobe.

The Frontal Lobe

The Frontal Lobe is associated with behavior, abstract thought processes, problem solving, attention, creative thoughts, some emotion, intellect, reflection, judgment, initiative, inhibition, coordination of movements, some eye movements, sense of smell, muscle movements, skilled movements, some motor skills, and physical reactions.

The Occipital Lobe

The Occipital Lobe is associated with vision and reading. If you damage the Occipital Lobe it could cause complete blindness depending on where you hit it.

The Parietal Lobe

The Parietal Lobe is associated with sense of touch, response to internal stimuli, sensory combination and comprehension, some language and reading functions, and some visual functions.

The Temporal Lobe

The Temporal Lobe is associated with auditory memories, some hearing, visual memories, some visual pathways, other memories, music, fear, some language, some speech, some behavior and emotions, and sense of identity.

The Cerebellum

The Cerebellum is another part in the human brain. The Cerebellum is located underneath the Cerebrum, and is right next to the Brain Stem. The Cerebellum is associated with balance, posture, cardiac/respiratory/ and vasomotor centers.

The Brain Stem

The Brain Stem is the motor and sensory pathway to body and face. Also the Brain Stem is a vital center for cardiac, respiratory, and vasomotor pathways.

The Right Hemisphere

Did you know that the right side of your brain controls the left side of your body? It is a fact. Also the right side of your brain specializes in temporal and spatial relationships.

The Left Hemisphere

There is a saying “people who are left handed are the only people in their right minds.” Technically that saying is true. Also did you know that the left side of your brain specializes in producing language and understanding language?

“Everything we do, every thought we've ever had, is produced by the human brain. But exactly how it operates remains one of the biggest unsolved mysteries, and it seems the more we probe its secrets, the more surprises we find.”

- Neil deGrasse Tyson
Brain Structure and Function - 3D Animation

By: Jordyn Sievert