The Greek and The Roman's Art
"I came. I saw. I conquered."
Roman art is defined as much more than the art of the city of Rome. It is the art of Roman civilization from Romulus to the Emperor Constantine, and covers a period of more than 1,000 years. Rome was also deeply influenced by the art of the Hellenistic world, which had spread to southern Italy and Sicily through the Greek colonies there. Plutarch, writing in the 2nd century AD, wrote that before Rome's conquest of Greek Syracuse in Sicily, 'Rome neither had nor even knew of these refined things, nor was there in the city any love of what was charming and elegant; rather, it was full of barbaric weapons and bloody spoils. Whenever the Roman Empire extended it took it's art with it. Tales of Ethiopia as a mythical land at the farthest edges of the earth are recorded in some of the earliest Greek literature of the 8th century BC including the epic poems of Homer. Greek gods and heroes like Menelaos were believed to have visited this place.
Some of the most influential masterpieces of the western world were created as the result of a two century long building program in Archaic and Classical Acropolis. In the 6th century BC a multitude of freestanding votive Kouroi and Korai were dedicated on the rock, and in the 5th century BC the sculptures of the Parthenon lead the classical evolution. There are many art pieces in the Greek world.