Chapter 15 ~ medieval Europe

By: Graciee Shoars

Holy Roman Empire

  • The Holy Roman Empire was a varying complex of lands that existed from 962 to 1806 in Central Europe.
  • It grew out of East Francia, one of the primary divisions of the Frankish Empire.
  • Its character changed during the Middle Ages and the Early Modern period, when the power of the emperor gradually weakened in favour of the princes.
  • In its last centuries, it had become quite close to a union of territories.
  • The empire's territory lay in Central Europe and at its peak in 1050 under Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor, included territories of the Kingdom of Germany, Kingdom of Bohemia, Kingdom of Italy and the Kingdom of Burgundy.

Venice, Italy

  • Venice is a city in northeastern Italy sited on a group of 118 small islands separated by canals and linked by bridges.
  • It is located in the marshy Venetian Lagoon which stretches along the shoreline between the mouths of the Po and the Piave Rivers.
  • Venice is renowned for the beauty of its setting, its architecture and its artworks.
  • The city in its entirety is listed as a World Heritage Site, along with its lagoon.
  • Venice is the capital of the Veneto region. In 2009, there were 270,098 people residing in Venice's comune
  • the population estimate of 272,000 inhabitants includes the population of the whole Comune of Venezia, around 60,000

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