Canada in 2035

Will Canada be the greatest country in 2035

Introduction

Canada is one of the best countries in the world with many great things to offer such as: Amazing cities, great immigration system, good healthcare and education system but with the benefits come problems such as low birth rate, climate change, urban sprawl, aging population and etc. In this smore, you will find out the good and the bad about living in Canada and what Canada will look like in 2035 and if it will be the best country by 2035 or not.

Unit one: Changing populations

Canadian Immigration

Now and in 2035. Canada will be a desired destination for immigration because of all the opportunities it offers for the immigrants like jobs, better living conditions, better healthcare, and a fair government. Many immigrants choose Canada as their home because of all the problems they face in there countries such as a Dictatorship government, War, no freedom of speech or movement, Gender inequality and etc. Usually they choose Canada because of the higher quality of life it offers. Canada will be attracting people from developing countries like India, China, Guyana and etc. In general people from all around the world. A big portion of immigrants choose to live in major cities such as Vancouver, Toronto, Montreal and Edmonton. This helps our city become very multicultural and major powerhouses financially and economically with all these new talents and experiences coming from around the world. This helps shape our country into a stronger and better Canada.

Canadian Population

Currently, Canada’s population right now is 35 million people and is in stage 4 in the demographic transition model which means our population growth is very slow because of our low birth rate which is low because of our fertility rate which is 1.5 children per women which is estimated to get worse and by 2035 our population will be an aging population and will be only at 41 million people so in twenty years our population will only grow by 6 million . Deaths will start to outnumber births because our population will continue to age as baby boomers are going into retirement, Our birth rate would stay low and our fertility rate would stay low as well. Our fertility rate in 2035 is estimated to be 1.3 children per women. Immigration will be our only source of population growth. We have to rely on Immigration to balance out our population . This will cause our society to be even more multicultural in the future. With all different types of cultures, religions, and ethnic backgrounds coming to Canada, we will be one of the most multicultural countries in 2035.

FNMI Population

Currently, there are about 1.4 million FNMI people in Canada they are around 4.3 percent of the total Canadian population. They have a high birth rate and a lower death rate which means they're population is rapidly growing unlike the Canadian population.Aboriginal people have a high fertility rate and a shorter life expectancy, so if the fertility rate is high then the population is expanding. A lot of problems that the aboriginals face are poor healthcare, malnutrition, and problems such as alcoholism, suicide, diseases and etc. All of these problems are factors of the poor living conditions they face. By 2035 if they do not receive any aid from the federal government that can improve their condtions, there condition will worsen.

Unit two: Interactions In The Physical Environment

Canadian Weather

Six factors affect Canada’s climate, which are: Latitude, winds and air masses, Ocean currents, near water, elevation, and relief precipitation. Latitude affects Canada’s climate because the further you are from the equator the less concentrated the ultraviolet rays because they are more bended which results in a colder climate so that’s why our territories in the north face the weathers they do. Wind and air masses affect Canadian climate because by bringing over winds and air masses from different regions into new regions that brings those temperatures from the region the air mass started from. Ocean currents act like a conveyor belt, transporting warm water from the equator to the poles, and cold water from the poles to the tropics. Near water affects climate because the bodies of water absorb heat during warm months and releases the heat in the cold months (moderating affect). Elevation affects climate because the higher the altitude the colder the temperature. Last climate factor, relief precipitation affects climate, in order for relief precipitation to happen you need mountainous region and an onshore breeze.

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Appalachian Mountains

The Appalachian Mountains are a trail of mountains that stretch for 1,500 miles from northeastern Alabama to Newfoundland. The typical height for the mountains in this chain is about 1000 meters. These mountains were worn down by ice and water to produce a landscape of broad valleys and rolling hills. The climate is generally humid in the American range Side while on the Canadian range side the temperatures get really cold and get very heavy snowfall. Two factors affect the climate which are ocean currents and relief precipitation. Ocean currents bring the cold waters from the arctic in the winter and the gulf stream, brings the warm water from the Caribbean. Relief precipitation occurs only if there is a onshore breeze most near the Canadian range side.
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Tundra

The Tundra is a very cold place with little to no vegetation, a lot of permafrost, and has thin soil. The climate averages from -40 degrees Celsius to -50 degrees Celsius. A huge factor that affects the tundra climate is latitude because the tundra is far away from the equator which causes the temperatures to be very frigid due to less concentrated sunshine it stays cold all year round and also another factor are, ocean currents. Cold ocean currents from the poles bring cold temperature and frigid water to the tundra.
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The Hudson Bay Arctic Lowlands

The Hudson Bay Arctic Lowlands have a really dry and cold climate. The three factors affecting the climate are Latitude, near water and wind and air masses. They are located in between the Canadian Shield and the southern shores of the Hudson Bay and James Bay. Latitude affects climate since the Hudson Bay Arctic Lowlands are far away from the equator and located in the high north latitude which means its very cold. In the Hudson Bay Arctic lowlands the moderating affect takes place meaning that the winters are warmer, and the summers are cooler.The wind blows from west to east over a continental region, so because of this all the cold and dry air masses coming from western Canada come to the lowlands bringing very cold winds.
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How Climate change will effect our climate and country in 2035

Our country will be negatively impacted by climate change. We will see many species going extinct in the tundra such as polar bears, arctic fox and etc. There will be climate fluctuations in every part of Canada places such as the tundra will notice a wider variety of climate types which will be potentially harmful for the wildlife in the region. Climate change can will affect the Canadian Shield very badly. The climate in the summer will be very hot .and the winters are going to be very cold. It will also damage the growth of crops and plants and damage bio-diversity. It will affect industries like agriculture and forestry. Precipitation will also increase in all areas as heat increases in all areas. Forest fires will be very common as regions in Canada will get warmer and drier. The Hudson bay arctic lowlands will be affect very heavily by climate change as permafrost, ice, and will kill off many animals in the region.

Unit three: Managing Canada's resources & Industries

Canada current important resources are lumber, metals, fresh water, coal, and natural gas. All of these resources we trade with other countries heavily except for fresh water with countries like U.S, China, many countries in the European Union, Japan and etc. Trade of these resources makes our relations with such countries stronger and brings in a lot of profit to our economy. Currently, Canada has an abundance of these resources but we are not very sustainable with our resources, but in order to fix this we need to think about Sustainable Resource Development and Sustainable Yield Management. We need to be using our resources without compromising the ability for future generations to meet their needs and we need to know how much of a resource can be harvested without depleting the resource. Canada is connected to the rest of the world through globalization, NAFTA, and WTO. Globalization is the process of exchanging goods, services and ideas between countries. It connects countries and brings all different nations together as one. WTO is a world trade organization. It allows Canada to trade with countries all around the world and it helps Canada to become globally connected. NAFTA was a free trade agreement signed by Canada, U.S.A, and Mexico in 1994. It keeps theses three countries connected and because of NAFTA these three countries are on very good terms with each other and keeps tariffs off trade which increases trade between the three countries and helps the economies for all of the three countries.

Managing Canada's Resources & Industries by 2035.

By 2035, Canada's most important resources will be Lumber, Water, and oil. Lumber will be an important resource because in the future the manufactraing industry will be very important and lumber is needed in manufacturing products and other countries like the us, china and japan rely on Canadian lumber and the industry is produces 5.3 billion dollars in trading alone. Water, also called "blue gold" is considered the most important resource that Canada has. With a population that totals less than 1% of the world, we have around 20% of the world's freshwater and by 2035 we are estimated to be the only country with an abundance of freshwater. Water is very important because its essential for life without it many of our industries wouldn't exist such as the oil sands industry, meat industry,agriculture industry and etc. While many Canadians believe it should not be traded but if it is then it would bring huge benefits and profits to our economy but our water supply would go down very drastically. Without water our country would not be where it is today. Oil is a important resource because our neighbour, The U.S has huge demands for it and if we keep on trading it, it boosts our economy a lot and makes relations between the two countries very strong. It also allows our country a secure supply of oil for many centuries which can later be turned into energy that can be used by Canadians.

Unit four: Liveable Communities

Canadian cities like Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, and Edmonton are facing problems like urban sprawl, transportation, waste management, and water needs. Most of these problems like waste management, water needs and transporting can be solved before they become even bigger problems by 2035. Waste could be managed if people recycled more, composted, and reduced waste created every day. Transportation can be improved if people use public transit, walk, or carpooled for example: In New York, most people walk to work or use public transit instead of using there automobile. These methods are better for the environment and also help waste management with less gas wasted by walking or using public transit. Water needs can be delivered if people don't use excessive water and use as much as they need and by recycling that water they use and not trading it with other countries and decreasing our ammount.

Urban Sprawl & Sustainable cities in 2035

Over 80 to 90% of Canadians will live in urban areas by 2035. As our cities grow bigger, urban sprawl is beginning to affect our quality of life. Sprawl affects us in surprising ways its draining our precious free time and making us unhealthier and fatter. Traffic congestion, water shortages, high unemployment rates, overcrowded schools, pollution, and ecosystem disturbance are just some of the problems caused by urban sprawl. There are many ways to stop urban sprawl,people are very car dependent, instead people should walk or use public transit which would decrease emissions by 60%. We should building upwards instead of side to side, by building highly residential areas it will allow for the area to be well used and compact which will cause more traffic build-ups which will force people to use biking, walking or public transit as a way to commute quicker. Cities instead of using non- renewable energy resources such as fossil fuels, we should use renewable energy resources such as solar, wind and etc. Another way to limit urban sprawl is an infill, An infill is the taking over of open land that has not been used in awhile. This allows for expansion without damaging the environmentally sensitive areas, forests, and agricultural areas.
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Conclusion

Canada is an truly amazing country that offers many great things to its citizens such as: good healthcare, great education system, big and great cities and etc but its not perfect, having problems such as urban sprawl, climate change, low birth rate, low fertility rate, and aging population. It isn't a perfect country but if we slowly work our way and fix these problems that Canada faces and retains its resources for future generations to use. I definitely believe Canada will be the greatest country in the world by 2035.
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