Southeast Region

Oklahoma,Texas New Mexico and Arizona

Trail of Tears

Migration from the original Cherokee Nation began in the early 1800’s. Some Cherokees, wary of white encroachment, moved west on their own and settled in other areas of the country. A group known as the Old Settlers previously had voluntarily moved in 1817 to lands given them in Arkansas where they established a government and a peaceful way of life. Later, however, they were forced to migrate to Indian Territory.

The Alamo

Because written history was not a tradition in these tribes, information about these indigenous people is imprecise. Most were hunter-gathers, a nomadic way of life that moved with the seasons in search of food. However, the introduction of agriculture, horses and domesticated livestock would later alter many of these indigenous cultures.

Dust Bowl

In the early morning hours of March 6, the Mexican Army advanced on the Alamo. After repulsing two attacks, the were unable to fend off a third attack. As Mexican soldiers scaled the walls, most of the soldiers withdrew into interior buildings. Defenders unable to reach these points were slain by the Mexican cavalry as they attempted to escape. Between five and seven may have surrendered; if so, they were quickly executed. Most eyewitness accounts reported between 182 and 257 dead, while most historians of the Alamo agree that around 600 Mexicans were killed or wounded.