Black rhinoceros

Diceros bicornis

CLASSIFICATION

  • Domain Eukarya: This domain has organism which has a nucleus. They can be both single-celled or multicellular.

  • Kingdom Animalia: All organism are multicellular and heterotrophs. They can also move at some point in their lifetime.


  • Phylum Chordata: Characteristic in phylum Cordata get tail projection in some time of their life, pharyngeal pouches and they also have a whole digestive system.


  • Subphylum Vertebrata: This subphylum has a backbone, an endoskeleton and their muscles are attached to their endoskeleton.


  • Class mamalia: All animals in the class mamalia have 3 middle ear bones, hair and the production of milk.


  • Order Perissodactyla: Animals in order Perissodactyla have dermel structures without bony bones. Their middle toe is bigger than the others toes and the plane of symmetry that passes on the foot is called mesaxonic.


  • Family Rhinocerotidae: All organism in this family are huge rhino's and has a head with 1-2 horns also rhinos have a broad chest and short, stumpy legs.


  • Genus Diceros: Black rhinoceros.


  • Species Diceros bicornis: Rhinos in this species have a prehensile upper lip to grab plants and guide them into their mouths, general color is grey and tail length is generally around 0.7 m.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

General Description

The length of the animal: The length of the animal is usually around 3 and 3.75m.

Height: The animals height is usually 1.4 to 1.8m.

Habitat: Black rhino live in desert to grasslands, both tropical and subtropical.

What they eat: Black rhinos eat twigs, woody shrubs, small trees, legumes, and grass.

Animal color: The animals color is yellow-brown or dark- brown but the regular color is gray the color of its skin depends on the soil in its habitat.

Predators: Predators for the black rhino are mainly humans, lions and spotted hyaenas.

Wieght: Rhinos weigh from 800 to 1400 kg.

Range: Black rhinos are seen in Africa close to grasslands.

Fun facts: Rhinos live up to 50 years. 90% of death are because of poaching they are almost extinct because of poaching. A baby rhino can stand up in the first hour of its birth. There are 5 types of rhinos in the world.

Physical adaptations characteristics and descriptions

Prehensile upper lip - Black rhinos use its prehensile upper lip to eat twigs and other plants, they use it so they can survive.


Horns - Black rhinos attack with their long horns so it can protect itself.


Color of the skin - Black rhinos use their color of the skin so that they can camouflage with their soil.


Hearing - Black rhinos have a good sense of hearing, that way it will hear and attack their predators.


Skin - The skin is thick and has deep folds so that it will be hard to get cuts and scratches.

Behavioral adaptations characteristics and descriptions

Roll in mud - Black rhinos roll in mud to cool of and stay hydrated.


Retreat - The less powerful of the rhinos retreat and if they don't, they use their horn to fight. They do this to say "Get away!".


Less active - Black rhinos stay less active during the day and use mornings and evening to eat.


One spot - Black rhinos stay mostly in one spot. Probably so that they know how their environment is and be aware of their predators.


Mating - Male rhinos walk stiff-legged and brush their horn on the ground in front of the female. They do this so they can impress the female.