Save lives in an emergency
Assess the Situation
1. Check for Responsiveness - Tap the victim's shoulder and shout "Are you okay?"
- If responsive, ask for consent to call emergency services, then stay with the victim until emergency services arrive, administering first aid if needed
- If there is no response, call 9-1-1 immediately and administer first-aid until emergency services arrive
2. Clear Airway and Check for Breathing - Tilt the head and lift the chin, then listen for breathing for no more than 10 seconds. If there is no breathing, give 2 rescue breaths.
- If there is breathing, treat any other injuries then wait for emergency services to arrive
- If the victim is gasping or choking or their chest does not rise when you give rescue breaths, then treat them for choking
- If there is no breathing and the victim is not choking, then administer CPR
3. Check for Other Signs of Injury - Check for severe bleeding, burns, and signs of poisoning, stroke, or head injury listed below
Basic CPR (C-A-B)
With the person laying on a firm, flat surface, push the middle of the chest down 2 inches. Do 30 compressions at a pace of 100 compressions per minute.
Tilt the head back to clear the airway and listen for breathing for no more than 10 seconds. If there is breathing, roll the person onto their side and wait for emergency services. If not, then continue with CPR.
Administer 2 rescue breaths, breathing enough to see the chest rise. If you are uncomfortable with this step, you can skip it and continue with compressions.