Attributes of Learning&Performance
Basic Reading Skills for Students K-5
Alison Fox, Stephen Perez, & Marla Townsend
Basic Reading Skills
The most important goal of reading instruction in elementary school is to help students acquire the skills and knowledge they need to read grade-level text fluently and with good comprehension. Reading comprehension is a very complex skill. Its most essential elements involve:
- skill in reading text accurately and fluently;
- sufficient background knowledge and vocabulary to make sense of the content;
- skill in using reading strategies that improve understanding or repair it when it breaks down;
- ability to think and reason about the information and concepts in the text; and
- motivation to understand and learn from text.
Kindergartners are required to demonstrate correct procedure of how to hold/read a book by reading top to bottom, left to right, and page to page. At this grade level students are beginning to understand the concept of print, how to compose letters to form words.
1st Grade Level
2nd Grade Level
3rd Grade Level
4th Grade Level
5th Grade Level
5th grade readers should be able to read and concentrate for long periods of time. These students generally are able to read through text fluently with good comprehension skills. They will be able to begin to decipher the meanings of new words based on root words that they know and understand. 5th graders should be able to use and understand figurative language (similes, metaphors, idioms, etc.), synonyms, antonyms, and homonyms. Because of the skills learned up to this point, 5th graders should be exposed to more complex text such as novels.
Reading Skills through the Elementary Years
We have identified the modules of reading instruction most essential at each grade level from kindergarten through 5th grade. This is an overall guide based on research, assessments, and standards but is not intended to be exact. Students do not develop reading skills the same as all of their peers. Every student hits developmental benchmarks at different times throughout their lives--movement through this instructional sequence might be a bit slower or a bit faster depending on the student.
Great School Staff. (2014). Kindergarten through fifth grade: What your child should know. Retrieved from http://www.greatschools.org/students/academic-skills/531-K-5-benchmarks.gs
Torgesen, J., Houston, D., Rissman, L., & Kosanovich, M. (2007). Teaching All student's To Read In Elementary School. Retrieved from www.fcrr.org
The Curriculum Corner. (2012). Common core checklists. Retrieved from http://www.thecurriculumcorner.com/thecurriculumcorner123/2012/08/18/common-core-checklists/