Wound Care Guide

Emily McWilliams

Wound Care

Immediate Care:

  • Use Universal Precautions: All wounds should be treated as though they have been contaminated with bloodborne pathogens


Controlling External Bleeding:

  1. Direct Pressure:
- Pressure on wound with gauze

- Do not remove if blood comes through gauze- add more

  1. Elevation:
- Elevate above the heart if possible- slows bleeding

- Continue pressure

  1. Pressure Points:
- Apply pressure to an artery to decrease blood flow to the area

- 2 main points:

1. Brachial artery- upper arm

2. Femoral artery- top of the thigh


  • Sterile dressing
  • Antibacterial ointments- are effective in limiting bacterial growth and preventing wound from sticking to dressing

Are Sutures (Stitches) Necessary?

  • Deep lacerations, incisions, and occasionally puncture wounds
  • May be needed if the wounds edges cannot easily be pushes back together
  • Sutures should be used within 12 hours
  • Can use steri-strips if stitches are not required

Wound Infection (5 Signs)

  1. Pain
  2. Heat
  3. Redness
  4. Swelling
  5. Disordered Function
  • Pus may form due to accumulation of white blood cells
  • Fever may develop as immune system fights bacterial infections