Somalia

Somalia's war

Somalia's flag

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Location

Somalia is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the southwest.

Languages and religion

The official languages of Somalia are Somali and Arabic, both of which belong to the Afroasiatic family.


Most people in the country are Muslim.

National Anthem of Somalia - "Qolobaa calankeed"

Piracy

During these years when Somalia hadn’t government, many of people became to the piracy.

Piracy started with fishermen defending their territory and they call themselves the Coast Guard.

Government

In 1991, the Somali Civil War started to overthrow the Mohamed Siad Barre government. The war still not finished.


A new provisional constitution passed in 2012, which reformed Somalia as a federation. The Federal Government of Somalia was the first permanent central government in the country since the start of the civil war

Somalia, 2015

In 2015, the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), announced a new military operation against Al Shabaab, for removing it in the last strong holds in Somalia.

Actually

There are about 457.000 Somali refugees worldwide.

Somalia has been struck by terrible drought disasters.

70% of the population don’t have any access to clean drinking water and medical care.

225 of 1000 children under the age of 5 years die.

Only 13% of the boys and 7% of the girls go to school.

their situation

Jane, Sam and Esther.

UNHCR in Somalia

These are some of the activities that the UNHCR did in 2013.