a language used by people who do not speak a common tongue; usually combines aspects of different languages
dialect; accent; expression
standard, quiet, silence
Enes was speaking to me with his lingua franca, also known as Turkianish, and I did not understand a word he was saying.
The lingua franca spoken by the Nigerians was not understood by me, even though India is close to it.
"English as a lingua franca: A critical response" by Dr. John O'Regan.