Mali

Brittney and Jensen

Basic Overview

  • Mali was established in the mid 1200's by Sundiara Keita. He created a very strong goverment.
  • Extended from the Atlantic coast inland to the trading city called Timbuktu.
  • Mali built its wealth and power on gold and salt trade.
  • Mansa Musa was a rich and powerful
  • Farmers served as religious and administrative leaders

Physical Environment

  • Landlocked; divided into 3 natural zones. The southern, the central, and the northern
  • West part of Africa
  • Slightly less than twice the size of Texas
  • Arable land- 3.82%
  • Permanent land- 0.03%
  • Other- 96.15% (2001)
  • Irrigated land- 1380 sq km (1998)
  • Deforestation & soil erosion

Climate

  • Subtropical
  • Hot and dry from February to June
  • Rain, humid, & mild from June to November
  • Cool & dry from November to February
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Economic Activity

  • Largely confined to the riverine area irrigated by the Niger
  • They have a highly unequal distribution of income
  • 80% of labor force is farming and fishing
  • Gold & salt are their main exports
  • Export partners- china, Pakistan, and Italy
  • Industries- construction, food processing, gold & phosphate mining
  • Currency- franc
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Political Boundaries

Land boundaries:


  • Algeria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Guinea
  • Niger
  • Mauritania
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Senegal
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Culture

Language:

  • French (official)
  • Bambara 80%

Religion:

  • Muslim 90%
  • Christian 1%
  • Indigenous beliefs 9%

Ethnic groups:

  • Mande 50%
  • Voltaic 12%
  • Peul 17%
  • Songhai 6%
  • Tuareg and moor 10% others 5%

Trade Routes

  • Mansa musas route to Mecca
  • Main trade routes would go from where modern day Migera, Senegal, and Mauritania are
  • They went to n. Africa, Egypt, morocco