Ebola

By: Nathan Elder

Symptoms

If someone has the Ebola virus, they may feel pain in the abdomen, the chest, the joints, or the muscles. The host may find themselves having chills, fatigue, loss of appetite, malaise, sweating, diarrhea, vomiting, vomiting blood, headache, mental confusion, sore throat, red spots on the skin, dehydration, and coughing up blood.

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Causes of Ebola

People may get the Ebola virus through direct contact with blood or bodily fluids (including but not limited to urine, saliva, sweat) of a person that is infected with the Ebola virus. They may also contract the Ebola virus by coming in contact with needles that have been contaminated by the bodily fluids or fruit that has been contaminated by animals with the Ebola virus.

Immune Response

The Ebola virus replicates at a very high rate that makes that protein synthesis fail and not work properly. Due to this, both the inflammatory systems and the adaptive immune systems respond to the infection at one time. A CD8 T cell that expresses a rapid increase in numbers, when taken together, results show that all patients will develop robust immune responses during the acute phase of the Ebola virus infection.

Ebola Replication Cycle

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Treatment

The symptoms of Ebola are treated as the occur, an when they are used early, they can greatly increase the chance of survival. Some treatments of Ebola include providing intravenous fluids and balancing electrolytes, maintaining oxygen status and blood pressure, and treating other infections as the occur.

Prevention

In order to prevent the Ebola virus, one must avoid areas known for outbreaks, wash your hands frequently, avoid bush meat, avoid contact with infected people, follow infection control procedures, don't handle the remains of people with the Ebola virus.