Getting S.A.S.E.

It's more than just an attitude.


When you read, it's important to do the following:

  • Summarize
  • Analyze
  • Synthesize
  • Evaluate


No interpretation; it's literal.

  • Identify the main point(s)
  • Summarize the key details and ideas.
  • The length of the summary may vary, depending on the length of the text.


This is your interpretation using evidence from the text.

What is the tone? (How the author sounds.)

  • Identify which words support the tone.

What is the main idea the author is trying to convey?

  • What would he/she say is most important.

  • What kind of inferences can you make from the text?

Use your prior knowledge, what you know, and what is in the text.

  • You are not making a guess. You are using reason and your knowledge to come to a conclusion.

What is the author’s purpose?

  • What would he/she say this is about?


This is how you blend what you already know with what you have analyzed.

What prior knowledge do you bring to aid in interpreting this text?

  • Think back again to what you already know and combine it with what you’ve learned.

Can you connect this text and its message to yourself or any current event?

  • Make it relevant. Why do anything without making it important?

Who do you believe the intended audience to be?

  • Be specific.

What type of audience would agree or disagree with this text’s message?


This is how you determine if the text does what it set out to do. (You get to give your opinion about it.

Judge if this text is successful in what it sets out to accomplish.

  • Don’t just say, “It was boring,” or “I hated it”.
  • Think back to what you believe the author’s purpose is. Does it serve this purpose? How could it be more successful?

Does this text’s impact transcend the time period during which it was created?

  • Does it still matter today? Does it feel dated? Do people today still care about these issues?

Ms. Kremmidas

Joliet West High School