Brush-Tailed Rat Kangaroo

Australia's Endangered Animal

Description

The brush-tailed rat kangaroo, otherwise known as the woylie, is a small mammal, that is similar in appearance to a kangaroo, hopping on its hind legs. It has a small pouch, where the young stay for about 98 days after birth. Additionally, this marsupial has a prehensile tail, which is used to carry nesting material, such as grass. The woylie has gray-brown fur, with pale white underparts. It has small round ears, large eyes, and they live from four to six years. An adult woylie's height can vary from 11.8 to 15 inches tall, and its weight can vary from 2.4 to 3.5 pounds. The brush-tailed rat kangaroo is also primarily nocturnal, since they spend the daytime in a domed nest. (ARK)

Food Chain

The woylie's diet mainly consists of underground fungi, although it also eats bulbs, tubers, seeds, and insects. This mammal has a special stomach containing abundant bacteria, which enables it to breakdown fungi, and woylies are not predators, they are herbivores. Also, these marsupials rarely drink water, since they extract all the water hey need from their diet. The brush-tailed rat kangaroo's predators include foxes and cats. The total population of woylies now is no more than 6,000. (EDGE)

Habitat

Critical Info/Conservation

The brush-tailed rat kangaroo's population is slowly decreasing to below 6,000. The decline of the woylie's population affects our environment, since these creatures consume fungi. Woylies have been introduced to private properties to live in and be protected from predators. They have mainly been trans located to the Jarrah Forests of Western and Eastern Australia, where regular monitoring takes place. (RedL)
Bettong Joey climbing into pouch

Reasons for Endangerment

The brush-tailed rat kangaroo is mainly endangered because of habitat loss and predation. Woylies are killed for bounty money, and foxes and cats are a big problem. In most cases, cat predation has lead to disease, which has spread amon these marsupials, killed many. Habitat loss is because of farming. (ARK)

Adaptation

What can you do to help?

A great way to help the brush-tailed rat kangaroo survive is by donating to one of many organizations. If you donate, like everyone else, you will be benefiting yourself, and these cute animals!!! (Bandwagon)

Works Cited

Photos from Creative Commons and Photopin.

Photopin photo credit:

photo credit: <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/biodivlibrary/6008897824/">BioDivLibrary</a> via <a href="http://photopin.com">photopin</a> <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/">cc</a>

photo credit: <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/quollism/8469232999/">quollism</a> via <a href="http://photopin.com">photopin</a> <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/">cc</a>

Works Cited-Continued

Bettong Joey climbing into pouch . 2013. Video. You TubeWeb. 20 Apr 2013. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2MdFz_XiGaA>.


Bettongia penicillata at Duisburg Zoo (1). N.d. Photograph. Creative CommonsWeb. 20 Apr 2013. <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bettongia_penicillata_at_Duisburg_Zoo_(1).JPG>.


Bettongia penicillata at Duisburg Zoo (2). N.d. Photograph. Creative CommonsWeb. 5 Apr 2013. <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bettongia_penicillata_at_Duisburg_Zoo_(2).JPG>.


Bettongia penicillata (Woylie)1. 2008. Photograph. Creative CommonsWeb. 5 Apr 2013. <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bettongia_penicillata_(Woylie)1.jpg>.


"Brush-tailed bettong (Bettongia penicillata)." Arkive. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Apr 2012<http://www.arkive.org/brush-tailed-bettong/bettongia-penicillata/>.


Chapman, Arthur. Bettongia penicillata (Woylie). 2008. Photograph. Creative CommonsWeb. 10 Apr 2013. <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bettongia_penicillata_(Woylie).jpg>.


Klave, Wilhelm. Brush-tailed Bettong distribution map 2011. 2011. Photograph. Creative CommonsWeb.20 Apr 2013. <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Brush tailed_Bettong_distribution_map_2011.png>.


Molteno, S. Afrotemperate indigenous woodland at Newlands Cape Town 3. 2010. Photograph. Creative CommonsWeb. 5 Apr 2013.


N.d. Photograph. PhotopinWeb. 20 Apr 2013. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/quollism/8469232999/>.


N.d. Photograph. PhotopinWeb. 20 Apr 2013. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/biodivlibrary/6008897824/>.


Search Creative Commons. N.p.. Web. 1 April 2013.<http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bettongia_penicillata_(Woylie)1.jpg>.


Bettong Joey climbing into pouch . 2013. Video. You TubeWeb. 20 Apr 2013. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2MdFz_XiGaA>.