Stateless Nation

Sikhs

Brief History

Sikhs began with the death of the fifth Sikh Guru, Arjan Dev, in 1606. It was further enhanced by the establishment of the Khalsa, by Gobind Singh in 1699. The evolution began with the emergence of Nanak as a religious leader and a social reformer during the 15th century in the Punjab. The religious practice was formalized by Gobind Singh on 30 March 1699. The latter baptized five people from different social backgrounds to form Khalsa. The first five called Pure Ones baptized Singh into the Khalsa fold. This gives it a religious history of around 400 years.


Location

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Political Map

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Considered Homeland

Punjab Region

Language

Punjabi


Conflicts or Violence

Anti-Sikh Genocide (1984)

It was directe agains Sikhs in India by anti-Sikh mobs, in response to the assassination of Indira Gandhi by her Sikh bodyguards. There were more than 8,000 deaths, including 3,000 in Delhi. The Central Bureau of Investigation is of the opinion that the acts of violence were organized with the support from the then Delhi police officials and the central government headed by Indira's son, Rajiv.

Movements for Independence

The Khalistan movement is is a political secessionist movement which seeks to create a separate sikh country. Before its conquest by the British it had been ruled by the Sikhs for 82 years, the Sikhs Misls ruled over the entire Punjab from 1767 to 1799, utill their confederacy was unified into the Sikh Empire by Maharajah Ranjeet Singh. When the Muslim League demanded a separate country for Muslims via the Lahore Resolution of 1940, a section of Sikh leaders grew concerned that their community would be left without any homeland following the partition of India between the Hindus and the Muslims. They put forward the idea of Khalistan, envisaging it as a theocratic state covering the greater Punjab region.


Influential People

  • Mai Bhago: a woman who courageously led an army into battle
  • Mata Khivi: a woman established the langar system, a free kitchen where all people were served as equals.
  • Gurus: spiritual masters and founders of Sikhism
  • Hazrat Mian Mir: spiritual instructor of Dara Shikoh the eldest son of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan


Rights of Power

Sikh is not recognized by India, so they must follow Hindus law.

They don't have power in India.

Talking about religion is forbidden.

Man and woman have equal rights.



Where They Stand Today

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