Vietnam War

By: Emily & Ryley

#1 Knows and Don't Knows

Containment

The idea of "containing" or stopping the spread of communism. Practiced by the U.S during the Cold War.

DMZ

The Demilitarized Zone lies at the border between N. Korea and S. Korea.

Domino Theory

The idea that communism would spread continuously like a plague from one country to another.
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Draft

The process through which the US specifically attained troops by semi-random selection.
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General William Westmoreland (1914-2005)

Commander of American troops in Vietnam.
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Cold War

The struggle between the U.S.S.R. & the U.S. to put an end to the diffusion of communism. No battle actually occurred. (1947-1991)

Ho Chi Minh (1890-1969)

President of N. Vietnam. Communist leader who led Vietnamese against the U.S.
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My lai massacre

A village of southern Vietnam where more than 300 unarmed civilians, including women and children, were massacred by U.S. troops (March 1968) during the Vietnam War.
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National Liberation Front

a political organization formed in South Vietnam in 1960 by the Vietcong
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Ngo Dinh Diem

was leader of Vietnam from 1955 until his assassination in 1963. His heavy-handed rule and resulting ouster paved the way to the Vietnam War.
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Pentagon papers

A classified study of the Vietnam War that was carried out by the Department of Defense.
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Tet Offensive

A series of major attacks by communist forces in the Vietnam War. Early in 1968, Vietnamese communisttroops seized and briefly held some major cities at the time of the lunar new year, or Tet. The Tet offensive,a turning point in the war, damaged the hopes of United States officials that the combined forces of theUnited States and South Vietnam could win.
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Viet Cong

a Communist-led army and guerrilla force in South Vietnam that fought its government and wassupported by North Vietnam.
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Vietnamization

a U.S. policy during the Vietnam Warof giving the South Vietnamese government responsibility for carryingon the war, so as to allow for the withdrawal of American troops.
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#2

September 1940: Japan invades Vietnam

May 1941: Ho Chi Minh founds the Viet Minh

October 1955: Ngo Dinh Diem is elected as South Vietnam president

December 1960: National Liberation Front (NLF) is officially created

August 1964: Gulf of Tonkin Incident

March 1965: US bombs North Vietnam

March 1965: The first US combat troops (grunts) arrive at Vietnam

January 1968: Tet Offensive

March 1968: My Lai Massacre

July 1969: President Nixon orders the withdrawal of many troops from the war

November 1969: My Lai Massacre is made public

June 1971: Portions of the Pentagon Papers are published in the NY Times

March 1972: North Vietnamese trespass across the DMZ to attack South Vietnam

March 1973: The final US troops are withdrawn from Vietnam War

November 1982: The Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington DC

1. Japan Invades Vietnam

The first official act of war. Began the war officially.
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2. Gulf of Tonkin Incident

The "incident" that directly led to the US entering the war.
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3. My Lai Massacre

Major ethical embarrassment for the US military. Slaughtered unarmed civillians.
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#3 Gulf of Tonkin Incident

The Gulf of Tonkin incident is located in South Vietnam. On August 10,1964 North Vietnam ships torpedoed US ships. Lyndon B Johnson responded by sending US troops to retaliate with air strikes.

#4 Seneator Jeremiah Denton War Hero

Former Alabama Seneator Jeremiah Denton Jr., a prisoner of war for more than seven years in North Vietnam, died on Friday in Virginia Beach. Mr. Denton was 89 years old.

His son, Jim Denton, told The Washington Post, which first reported the news, that his father died of a heart ailment. Mr.Denton, a retired U.S. Rear Admiral, was shot down over the city of Thanh Hoa in Vietnam in 1965 and captured while leading a bombing mission. He later wrote a book about his experiences. Mr.Denton grabbed national attention in 1966 when he was forced to give an interview as a prisoner, and he blinked in Morse code with his eyes to spell out the word “torture.” He later received the Navy Cross and other decorations for his heroism.

#5 Protest Music

  1. 2+2=?
  2. It Better End Soon
  3. The Times They Are a Changing
  4. Draft Dodger Rag
  5. Where Have All the Flowers Gone
  6. Blowin' In The Wind
  7. Get Together
  8. People Got to Be Free
  9. Turn, Turn, Turn
  10. Put a Little Love in Your Heart


We chose Draft Dodger Rag because because it expounds on the peril of war through the draft. The Times They Are a Changing talks about how the war affected the homeland. Where have all the Flowers Gone talks about how damaging the war was to American morale.

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#6

Hugh thompson was a hero not a villain because he saved and rescued vietnamese civilians throughout the war.


William Calley was a villain because although he was under orders he rounded up innocent people in order to kill away any possible communist.