Alan Turing

His life story

Alan Turing

Alan Mathison Turing was a British mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, philosopher, pioneering computer scientist and a mathematical biologist.

About him

He was born on June 23rd in 1912 in London and died on June 7th in 1957 due to commuting suicide. He went to Princeton University and that’s where he did most of his work. He had good knowledge in computer science. During World War II he worked for the Government Code and Cypher School at Bletchley Park, Britain's code breaking center. He led Hut 8, the section responsible for German naval cryptanalysis. He devised a number of techniques for breaking German ciphers, including improvements to the pre-war Polish bombe method, an electromechanical machine that could find settings for the Enigma machine. His role in cracking coded messages enabled the Allies to defeat the Nazis in battles. It has been estimated that his work shortened the war by as many as two to four years.

After the war he worked at the National Physical Laboratory where he designed the ACE, among the first designs for a stored-program computer. In 1948 he joined Max Newman's Computing Laboratory at Manchester University, where he assisted development of the Manchester computers and became interested in mathematical biology. Turing was prosecuted in 1952 for being gay. Being gay was still criminalized in the UK. He accepted treatment instead of going to prison. He died from cyanide poisoning. His death was suicide. On 10 September 2009 the British Prime Minister Gordon Brown made an official public apology on behalf of the British government for the way he was treated.

First ever computer

Alan Turing designed and made the first ever computer, he made the computer out of several main parts, the motherboard, the CPU, the RAM, the video card, the power supply, the hard disk, the optical drive and the heat sink.
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motherboard

A motherboard is found in computers, it holds important information such as the central processing unit and memory.
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cpu

A CPU is a hardware in a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic control and input/output operations of the system.
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ram

RAM is a form of computer data storage. A memory device that allows data items to be read and written in roughly the same amount of time.
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video card

A video card is an expansion card which generates a feed of output images to a display.
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power supply

A power supply is an electronic device that supplies energy to a load. The function of a power supply is to convert energy to another
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hard disk

A hard disk drive is a data storage device used for storing and retrieving information using rapidly rotating disks coated with magnetic material. An hard disk retains its data even when powered off.
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optical disk

An optical disc drive is a disk drive that uses laser light or electromagnetic waves within or near the visible light spectrum as part of the process of reading or writing data to or from optical discs.