Ways of Mesopotamia

How are you doing in Mesopotamia today?

Farming in Mesopotamia

Farmers in Mesopotamia have raised crops such as wheat, barley, and a wheat-like grain called emmer. Every spring the farmers would harvest their crops. Then they threshed, or separated, the grain from the husk, or outer shell, of the plant. Threshing continued throughout the summer.

Dealing With Water

To prevent floods from damaging farms and crops, farmers have built dikes and dug canals. Canals carried some of the extra water back into the river after floods.

Divisions in Society

Over time, ancient Sumerian society became divided into social classes, or groups with different levels of importance. The highest social class in Sumer was made up of the king, priests, and other important leaders and their families.