Cells

STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION

Animal

  • Centrioles-
Structure: Help the cells when it comes time to divide.

Function: Put in work in the process of mitosis and meiosis

Plant Cells

Plant

  • Cell Wall-
Structure: A protective wall made up of polysaccharides

Function: Provides and maintains the shape of the cell


  • Chloroplast-
Structure: Producers of the cell

Function: Converts light to energy into sugar for cells

Both

  • Plasma-
Structure: Keep the pieces inside

Function: A protective barrier to the uncontrolled flow of water



  • Cytoplasm-
Structure: Internal Soup; Mostly water


Function: Bacterial metabolism



  • Nucleus-
Structure: Enclosed in a double membrane.


function: Controls eating, movement, and reproduction



  • Nucleolus-
Structure: The prominent structure in the nucleus.


Function: Produces ribosomes



  • Ribosomes-
Structure: Packets of RNA.


Function: Protein synthesis



  • Golgi Apparatus-
Structure: Membrane-bound structure with a single membrane


Function: Transport in a cell.



  • E.R.-
Structure: Continuation of the outer nucleur membrane.


Function:Breaks down toxines.



  • Mitochandria-
Structure: Powerhouse


Function: Provides energy the cells need



  • Lysosomes-
Structure: Contains hydrotic enzymes for digestion


Function: Kills and digest bacteria



  • Peroxisomes-
Structure: Protect the cells from own toxic peroxide.


Function: Breaks down toxic materials


  • Vacule:
Structure: Stores nutrients and waste

Function: Holds water


  • Cytoskeleton
Structure: Back bone of cell

Function: Helps maintain cell shape