History of Flight

By: Job Gonzalez

Leonardo Da Vinci

Leonardo Da Vinci was most known for his art, but that changed when he invented crafts, someofthem was a aircraft. Its been discovered that there more than 35 thousand words and 500 hundred sketches related to flying machines. To afirm this scientist found a codex page named codice sul volo degli uccelli (codex on the flight of birds). It didn't say but described when he started researching (1505), and showed he wanted to make his inventions work. He studied birds for a long time, for exchange he found out how birds ascend, descend and how they move their wings to turn. Around 1485 he began to draw sketches of flying machines. He was inspired by birds and bats. Many people wondered if he tested his invention and if they'd work. The answer is yes, Leonardo did actually test his inventions and some of them did work.

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The Blimp

While balloons could travel at high elevations, they could not travel on their own propulsion. The pressure of the air or gas (like hydrogen or helium) was determined by the shape of the balloon. In 1852 the first powered airship was built by Henri Gifford. The way it lifted was by hydrogen gas filled rubber bags. It could only carry 5 people to a altitude at 1,300Ft and flew 3.75Mi. These crafts where used for military and civilian purposes including normal travel. This Zeppelin was used in WW2 but, soon the military stopped using them.
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Gustave Whitehead

Gustave was a United States immigrant, he had already built several planes before the Wrights took their first flight. In 1935, a acount in Popular Aviation magazine said Whitehead had flown a steam-powered plane as early as 1899. People also say that he flew a gasoline-powered plane on August 14, 1901 in Fairfield, Connecticut. A 1901 newspaper account told the story, but it's the only prove from that time period. A reproduction of the airplane Whitehead used in the 1901 flight (known as Number 21) was built and successfully flight tested in 1997, meaning that Whitehead could've actually flown before the Wright Brothers.
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The Wright Brothers

The Wright Brothers were to American brother, inventors, and aviation pioneers that are credited for flying the first successful airplane. They made the first controlled, sustained flight of a powered, heavier-than-air aircraft on December 17, 1903, four miles south of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. In 1904-1905 the brothers developed their airplane into better types of parts. Although they're not the first to build and fly experimental aircraft, the Wright brothers were the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed-wing powered flight possible.
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The Impact

  • It changed warfare(UAVs, missile.)
  • Revolutionized travel (to explore more parts of earth that were unknown, vacation, explore habitat of animals, military use, better for ambulance, faster traveling).

Alexander Fedorovich Mozhaysky

he was a Russian Naval officer who tried to accomplish the problem of heavier-than-air flight 20 years before the Wright Brothers. In 1884, he utilized a ramp to lift his 60-100 foot hop, which is now considered a powered-assisted take off. His flatwing monoplane was 75 feet long itself, Although his flight wasn't considered a real powered flight, Mozhaysky did a great job on propulsion and steering.
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Félix du Temple de la Croix

He was a French Naval officer who received a patent for a flying machine in 1857. This model didn't fly but the steam engine was successfully used to power boats. In 1874, he built a steam-powered monoplane that flew short distances after it had been pushed on a ski-jump.
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Clement Ader

Clement was a French Inventor who described himself as the first person to create a stereo sound, beside his engineering innovations. He was to receive a self-propelled flight, with a batwing aircraft powered by a steam engine. His first flight was around 50 meters, on October 9, 1890, a full 13 years before the Wright Brothers! In 1892, he designed a better machine that flew over 200 yards. In 1897, clement made a public demonstration where it ended badly, and Ader lost his department of war funding.
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