Bill Of Rights

Arianna Bowlin, 12/19/14, Period 6 Williams

What are the Bill of Rights?

The Bill of rights are the first ten amendments in the Constitution that list the rights and freedoms that belong to all citizens of America.

Freedom of Speech, Press, and Religion

The first amendment means that you can say and write whatever you want and follow whatever religion you chose.

Court Case; Rosenburg v. Board of Education of City of New York

Oliver Twist and Merchant of Venice were banned in New York schools and libraries. The Supreme Court of New York said that although they had good intentions, the books shouldn't be banned.

Right to Bear Arms

The second amendment means that you have the right to own a gun and protect yourself.

Court Case; District of Columbia v. Heller

District of Columbia law states that you must register and have a license to keep a firearm. Heller filed a lawsuit against this, as it goes against the Second amendment. Heller won the case.

Quartering of Troops

The third amendment means no soldier can force themselves into your house, eat your food, and/or sleep in your bed.

Court Case: Griswold v. Connecticut

The police forced themselves into Griswold's home to provide themselves a tactical advantage to the house next door. Griswold filed a lawsuit. Griswold won the trial.

Warrant Clause

The fourth amendment means you have the security of all your belongings and can be against unreasonable searches without a warrant.

Court Case; Katz v. United States

Katz was charged with conducting an illegal gambling operation. To prove this, the police wiretapped a phone booth to listen to Katz's conversations. Katz's counter in the trial was that the police did not have a warrant to wiretap the phones and was therefore violating the fourth amendment. Katz was fined $50.

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Right to Remain Silent

The fifth amendment means you have the right to not answer a question.

Court Case; Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

Segregated schools were against the fourteenth amendment. In addition to Bolling v. Sharpe, the Court struck down segregated schools in Washington, DC. Being a federal city, the Court pleaded the Fifth as an excuse to not state an opinion.

Right to a Fair Trial

The sixth amendment means that you have a right to a fair and public trial with a lawyer of which your own or one the government can provide.

Court Case; Sheppard v. Maxwell

Sam Sheppard was accused of murdering his pregnant wife. He was tried and convicted. The Court agreed Sheppard didn't receive a fair trial because of the widespread of negative media about him. The Court concluded the trial should have either been postponed or transferred.

Rights in a Civil Cases

The seventh amendment means that civil cases, which are cases involving money, can be judged by a jury. Although, once the trial is over, it shall not be mentioned in another court again.

Court Case; Lavender v. Kurn

Lavender sued Haney, who unfortunately died from a head injury while working as a switch tender for companies represented by Kurn. A the trial, Lavender tried to persuade that Haney died from a nail hook injury, but Haney's defendant that Haney died from leaving the switch on as the train passed by. The verdict was in favor of Lavender but the Missouri Supreme Court reinstated it because he did not have any proof.

Fair Punishment

The eighth amendment states that no unfair punishment should be given. The punishment and bail should match the crime committed.

Court Case; Francis v. Resweber

Willie Francis was executed in an electric chair. Due to complications, he lived. Francis' lawyer said a second execution would be unconstitutional. The case was lost and Francis was soon executed in May 1947.

Rights Retained

The ninth amendment means that you have many more rights than just what's stated in the Bill of Rights.

Court Case; Roe v. Wade

Norma McCorvey, known as Roe, had to leave her husband after he abused her. She left her child with her mom as she travelled with the circus. Roe got pregnant again and knew she couldn't keep the baby and needed an abortion. Lawyers used Roe's case as a plan to overturn abortion laws. Lawyers won the case.

States' Power

The tenth amendment says that states have the power to rule anything as long as it's constitutional.

Court Case; United States v. Lopez

Lopez, a Texas senior, brought a handgun to school. He was arrested for violating the Gun-Free Act of 1990. The Supreme Court thought that Congress was abusing its power when it passed that act, so it was overturned. Thus, Lopez "won."

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