The House of Representatives

By Aicha Ajouz

Congressional Specifics & Responsibilities


In the House of Representatives there are 435 members. Each representative is elected for a two year terms by their district. The seats in the House are based on population; each state gets at least one.


The House of Representatives works on committees. The representatives write bills (proposals of law) and vote on bills.

Congressional Leadership Positions

-Speaker of the House

-Presiding officer of the House (majority party chosen)

-Majority Leader (speakers top assistant)

-helps plan party's legislative program

-steer important bills

-make sure committees finish work on important political party bills

-Majority Whip

-watch majority party rep's to make sure they vote on party lines

-Deputy Majority Whips

-Minority Leader (top minority party leader)

-Minority Whip

Congressional Qualifications & Benefits


To become a Representative of the House, you must be at least 25 years old. You must have been a U.S. citizens for 7 years. You must be a legal resident of state elected in and traditionally live in district.

Benefits (as of 2002)

-Salary $150 000 (today $174 000)

-"Franking Privilege"-no paying for postage

-Income tax deductions which help maintain 2 homes: D.C. and Home

-Eligibility for pensions of $150 000 a year

-Free from arrest while attending Congress except if felony or treason is committed

-May not be sued for anything they say on House or Senate floor