Reforms of the 19th Century

By : Cameron Covington

Prison Reform

  1. Prison reform is the attempt to improve conditions inside prisons, establish a more effective penal system, or implement alternatives to incarceration. Dealing with Dorothea Dix and how she was the greatest reformer for prisoners and the mentally ill.

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It was a movement that reduced the use of alcoholic beverages, because alcohol lead to sickness, poverty, and the breakup of families. And by the help of the American Temperance Society groups increasingly pressed for the mandatory prohibition of alcohol rather than for voluntary abstinence.
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Educational Reform

  1. Education reform is the name given to the goal of changing public education. Historically,reforms have taken different forms because the motivations of reformers have differed. Horace Mann was the guy who was the greatest reform leader in education and he also wanted to improve public schools.

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Women's Rights

From abolition to education, women worked actively in all reform movements throughout the 1800's getting opportunities for women to become better educated. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott were both ardent abolitionists. And in 1848 more than 300 women participated in a womens right convention in Seneca Falls.
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A movement in 1820's to free African Americans from slavery arose. William Lloyd Garrison was the leader. Frederick Douglass was a slave that escaped from bandage and become an eloquent abolitionist leader. He began a anti slavery newspaper called North Star.
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